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Army - Medal Rolls, Gallantry, Other Ranks & Officers, including WWI (Military)

Nature of Source

Details of medals awarded for acts of gallantry and heroism. Almost all awards were published in the official London Gazette. The National Archives holds some quarterly indexes to the Gazette with gallantry medal name indexes. The Gazette entry only occasionally provides the citation which describes the reasons for the award. Citations are more likely to be found in The National Archives files, although some medals like the Distinguished Conduct Medal are likely to carry the citation in the Gazette. Gallantry medals were first awarded in 1854 during the Crimean War. Royal Air Force and Royal Flying Corps service men and women were eligible for the same campaign and gallantry medals as the army. Post 1919 and WWII medal records are held at the MOD Medals Office.

WWI medals are inscribed around the rim with the soldier's surname with first name or initial, rank, regiment and service number. Medals from WWII and campaigns from the 19th century such as the Crimean war are not inscribed with this information.

Check local and national newspapers for reports of a gallantry medal award. Unfortunately, reports of soldiers or other ranks awarded the most frequently issued WWI medal, the Military Medal, are very rare. For WWI also consult editions of publications such as The War Illustrated, The War Budget and The Illustrated War News for reports of gallantry awards. Some editions are freely available online. WWI unit war diaries can mention an individual’s medal award and are mainly held at TNA in series WO 95 with copies kept by regimental museums. Some diaries have been digitised and can be searched by regiment, battalion, brigade or division number at the TNA’s online catalogue Discovery and then downloaded for a fee. First click on ‘Advanced search’ and then type in the search term. Then under ‘Search within’ select ‘Enter a reference’ and type WO 95. Alternatively search direct from the TNA First World War portal. Also consult the TNA’s Operation War Diary website for details about unlocking the information such as individual persons and place names contained within the diaries. A collection of WWI and WWII war diaries are available to read free online at Forces War Records.

The principal medals are as follows:

The Distinguished Conduct Medal, DCM (From 1855-1993, open to NCOs and soldiers. Some awards went to those serving in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force. In 1993 the Distinguished Conduct Medal, the Distinguished Service Order and the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal were discontinued and replaced by the second level gallantry award, the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross open to all ranks of the British Armed Forces)

The Distinguished Service Order, DSO (From 1886-1993, open to junior officers from all services. In 1993 the Distinguished Conduct Medal, the Distinguished Service Order and the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal were discontinued and replaced by the second level gallantry award, the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross open to all ranks of the British Armed Forces)

The Victoria Cross, VC (From 1856-onwards, open to officers and other ranks from all services from Britain and the Empire/Commonwealth. The highest award for gallantry, awarded just 628 times to 627 recipients during WWI)

The Military Cross, MC (From 1915-onwards, open to officers below the rank of captain and also to warrant officers and sergeant majors. Warrant and junior officers were ineligible for the officer only Distinguished Service Order. In 1993 the other rank Military Medal was discontinued leaving the Military Cross open to all ranks of all services)

The Military Medal, MM (From 1916-1993, open to army NCOs and other ranks. Some awards went to those serving in the Royal Naval Division, Royal Flying Corp, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force. In 1993 the Military Medal was discontinued leaving the Military Cross open to all ranks of all services)

The Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was instituted in 1833 and issued to other ranks and NCOs for long service with irreproachable character and conduct. The rolls are held at The National Archives in series WO 102 which is also available as part of the Digital Microfilm project. The Meritorious Service Medal (MSM) was awarded to long serving NCOs from 1845. Between 1916 and 1928, the MSM was awarded to warrant officers (sergeant majors), NCOs, and other ranks from the army, Royal Navy, Royal Flying Corp and the Royal Air Force. The rolls up to 1919 can be found at TNA in series WO 101 and were announced in the London Gazette mostly without citation. Records of later awards are kept with the MOD Medals Office. For background information on the history of the Meritorious Service Medal and a list of those awarded the Medal with the London Gazette reference, see Sainsbury, J.D. For Gallantry in the Performance of Military Duty: Samson Books, 1980.

Service records for all ranks who served after 1920 remain with the Ministry of Defence with each military service maintaining its own record office. The Veterans UK web site provides contact details of where to apply for service records for each of the services.

See also
Army - Medal Rolls, Campaign, Other Ranks & Officers
Royal Air Force/Royal Flying Corps - Medal Rolls, including WWI
Royal Navy/Royal Marines/Royal Naval Air Service - Medal Rolls, Ratings & Officers

Where Found

Each gallantry medal has its own roll

The National Archives (WO 146, WO 391, Distinguished Conduct Medal, DCM)

The National Archives (WO 98, WO 32, CAB 106, Victoria Cross. Indexes are available for the Victoria Cross, Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross and Mentions in Despatches )

The National Archives (WO 32, WO 389, WO 390, The Distinguished Service Order. Name indexes to WO 389 can be found in series WO 389/9 covering 1915 to 1938)

The National Archives (WO 389, Military Cross. Indexes are available for the Victoria Cross, Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross and Mentions in Despatches )

The National Archives (WO 326, Military Medal)

The National Archives (WO 373, Recommendations for Honours and Awards for Gallant and Distinguished Service, 1935-1990, Army)

Period Covered

1854 - 1918

Genealogical Value

Name, rank, regiment or unit, service number and theatre of war.

Further References

Medals  
Adler, Michael. British Jewry Book Of Honour 1914-1918 (Two volumes), Naval & Military Press, 2007 Buy Now on Amazon
Bishop, Richard, Hayward, John & Birch, Diana. British Battles and Medals: Spink & Sons, 2006  Buy Now on Amazon
Brazier, Kevin. The Complete Victoria Cross: A Full Chronological Record of All Holders of Britain's Highest Award for Gallantry: Pen and Sword Books, 2010  
Buckland, Christopher. ed. Waterloo Medal Roll: Naval & Military Press, 2001  Buy Now on Amazon
Duckers, Peter. British Campaign Medals, 1914-2005: Shire Books, 2006  Buy Now on Amazon
Duckers, Peter. British Campaign Medals, 1815-1914: Shire Books, 2004  Buy Now on Amazon
Duckers, Peter. British Gallantry Awards, 1855-2000: Shire Books, 2005  Buy Now on Amazon
Duckers, Peter. British Campaign Medals of the First World War: Shire Books, 2011 Buy Now on Amazon
Duckers, Peter. British Military Medals: A Guide for the Collector and Family Historian: Pen and Sword Books, 2013  
Hearns, Douglas. Companions of The Distinguished Service Order 1923-2010: Army Awards: Naval & Military Press, 2011  Buy Now on Amazon
Mackay, James and Mussell, Philip. Medal Yearbook: Token Publishing  
Mullen, A.L.T. Military General Service Medal Roll 1793-1814: Naval & Military Press, 2001  Buy Now on Amazon
Norman, Charles Boswell. Battle Honours of the British Army: London, 1911  Buy Now on Amazon
Purves, Alec A. The Medals, Decorations & Orders of the Great War 1914-1918: Hayward, 1989  Buy Now on Amazon
Purves, Alec A. Collecting Medals and Decorations: Spink & Son, 1978  Buy Now on Amazon
Purves, Alec A. Orders and Decorations: Hamlyn, 1972  Buy Now on Amazon
Sainsbury, J.D. For Gallantry in the Performance of Military Duty: Samson Books, 1980 (The book includes a list of those awarded the Meritorious Service Medal with the London Gazette reference together with background information on the history of the medal)  Buy Now on Amazon
Spencer, William. Medals: The Researcher's Guide: The National Archives, 2008  Buy Now on Amazon
Walker, R.W. & Buckland, Chris. Citations of The Distinguished Conduct Medal 1914-1920: Naval & Military Press, 2007  

 

TNA Research Guide: British military gallantry medals
TNA Research Guide: Victoria Cross registers 1856-1944

What Grandad Won in the War, DVD, Token Publishing

General  
Beckett, James Deuchar (ed). The Beckett Soldiers Index, A-C: Jade Publishing, 2003  
Beckett, James Deuchar (ed). The Beckett Soldiers Index, D-G Jade Publishing, 2009  
Beckett, James Deuchar (ed). The Beckett Soldiers Index, H-K: Jade Publishing, 2009
(Listing of soldiers from 1793 to about 1854 extracted from TNA series WO 120 and WO 116 and other sources such as marriage registers and medal awards. Arranged alphabetically by surname, forename and regiment including whether discharged at either Chelsea or Kilmainham Hospital. These published editions cover more ground than the Beckett Soldiers' Index available at The National Archives)
 

Bevan, Amanda. Tracing Your Ancestors in the National Archives: The National Archives, 2006

Buy Now on Amazon

Brereton, J.M. A Guide to the Regiments and Corps of the British Army: Bodley Head, 1985

Buy Now on Amazon

Blank, Dr. Stuart. Researching British Military History on the Internet: Alwyn Enterprises, 2007

Buy Now on Amazon

Cox. Reginald H. W. Military Badges of the British Empire 1914-18: Ernest Benn, 1982

Buy Now on Amazon

Farmer, John, The Regimental Records of the British Army: Grant Richards, 1901 (Free download available at the Internet Archive)

Buy Now on Amazon

Fowler, Simon. A Guide to Military History on the Internet: Pen & Sword, 2007

Fowler, Simon. Tracing your Army Ancestors: Pen & Sword, 2006

Fowler, Simon. Tracing Your Army Ancestors: A Guide for Family Historians: Pen & Sword Books, 2013

Gaylor, John. Military Badge Collecting: Pen & Sword Books, 2002
Grehan, John & Mace, Martin. British Battles of the Crimean Wars 1854-1856: Pen & Sword Books, 2014  

Kitzmiller, John. In Search of the Forlorn Hope: A Comprehensive Guide to Locating British Regiments and Their Records, 1640-WWI: Manuscript Publishing Foundation, 1988

Buy Now on Amazon

Murphy, Gerry. Where Did That Regiment Go? The Lineage of British Infantry and Cavalry Regiments at a Glance: The History Press, 2009

Buy Now on Amazon
Paterson, Sarah. Tracing Your Family History, Army: Imperial War Museum, 2006 Buy Now on Amazon

Pols, Robert. Dating Old Army Photographs: Family History Partnership, 2011

Buy Now on Amazon
Saks, David. Boerejode: Jews in the Boer Armed Forces 1899-1902: 2010  

Spencer, William. Family History in the Wars: The National Archives, 2007

Buy Now on Amazon

Spencer, William. Army Records: A Guide For Family Historians: The National Archives, 2008

Buy Now on Amazon

Storey, Neil. Military Photographs and How to Date Them: Countryside Books, 2009

Buy Now on Amazon

Swinnerton, Iain, An Introduction to the British Army: Its History, Traditions and Records: FFHS, 1996

Buy Now on Amazon

Swinson, Arthur. A Register of the Regiments and Corps of the British Army: The Archive Press, 1972

Buy Now on Amazon
The Great War: A Photographic Narrative: Imperial War Museum: Jonathan Cape, 2013 Buy Now on Amazon

Usher, George. Dictionary of British Military History: A&C Black Publishers, 2006

Buy Now on Amazon

Watts, Michael and Watts, Christopher. My Ancestor was in the British Army: Society of Genealogists, 2009

Buy Now on Amazon
Westlake, Ray. The Territorials 1908-1914: A Guide for Military and Family Historians: Pen & Sword Books, 2011
WWI  
Banks, Arthur. A Military Atlas of The First World War: Pen & Sword Books, 2013
Bridger, Geoff. The Great War Handbook: A Guide For Family Historians & Students Of The Conflict: Pen & Sword Books, 2013
Christopher, John & McCutcheon, Campbell. 1914 the First World War in Old Photographs: Over by Christmas: Amberley Publishing, 2014 Buy Now on Amazon
Doyle, Peter & Foster Chris. British Army Cap Badges of the First World War: Shire Publications, 2010 Buy Now on Amazon
Doyle, Peter. Great War British Tommy Manual: The British Soldier 1914-18 [All Models]-Haynes Owners' Workshop Manuals: Haynes, 2013 Buy Now on Amazon
Doyle, Peter & Foster Chris. Remembering Tommy: The British Soldier in the First World War: The History Press, 2013 Buy Now on Amazon
Doyle, Peter & Foster Chris. What Tommy Took to War, 1914-1918: Shire Publications, 2014 Buy Now on Amazon
Doyle, Peter. The First World War in 100 Objects: The History Press, 2014 Buy Now on Amazon
Forty, Simon. Mapping the First World War: Battlefields of the Great Conflict from Above: Anova Books, 2013 Buy Now on Amazon
Fowler, Simon. Tracing Your Great War Ancestors: The Somme: A Guide for Family Historians: Pen & Sword Books, 2015
Fowler, Simon. Tracing Your Great War Ancestors: The Gallipoli: A Guide for Family Historians: Pen & Sword Books, 2015
Gregson, Keith. A Tommy in the Family: First World War Family History Tales and Research Tips: The History Press, 2014 Buy Now on Amazon
Hadaway, Stuart. Tracing Your Great War Ancestors: The Egypt and Palestine Campaigns: A Guide for Family Historians: Pen and Sword Books, 2017
Holding, Norman, More Sources of WWI Army Ancestry: FFHS, 1998 Buy Now on Amazon
Holding, Norman & Swinnerton, Iain. WWI Army Ancestry: FFHS, 2004 Buy Now on Amazon
Holmes, Richard. Tommy: The British Soldier on the Western Front 1914-1918: Harper Perennial, 2005 Buy Now on Amazon
Holmes, Richard. Shots from the Front: The British Soldier 1914-18: HarperPress, 2010 Buy Now on Amazon
Holmes, Richard. The First World War in Photographs: Andre Deutsch, July 2014 Buy Now on Amazon
James, Brig. E. A. British Regiments 1914-18: Naval and Military Press, 2009 Buy Now on Amazon
Maddocks, Graham. Liverpool Pals: 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th Service Battalions The King's Liverpool Regiment: Pen and Sword Books, 2015
Paterson, Sarah. Tracing Your Prisoner of War Ancestors: The First World War: Pen & Sword, 2012
Rawson, Andrew. The British Army 1914-1918: The History Press, 2014 Buy Now on Amazon
Spencer, William. First World War Army Service Records: The National Archives, 2008 Buy Now on Amazon
Swinnerton, Iain. Identifying Your World War One Soldier from Badges and Photographs: Federation of Family History Societies, 2001 Buy Now on Amazon

Websites

Medals
www.gov.uk/medals-campaigns-descriptions-and-eligibility (Ministry of Defence Medal Office: Medals: campaigns, descriptions and eligibility)
www.gov.uk/the-ministry-of-defence-medal-office (Ministry of Defence Medal Office: Details of medal qualifying criteria and applying for medals)
www.army.mod.uk/structure/32322.aspx (MoD: Medals, Awards and Insignia)
www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/Medals_Booklet.pdf (MoD Medal Office: British Armed Forces Medals)
www.northeastmedals.co.uk (North East Medals: Guides to British Medals)
www.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1262 (Information on the Medal Rolls Index Cards)
http://firepower.org.uk/research/researching-medal-recipients
(The Royal Artillery Museum: Researching Medal Recipients)
www.1914-1918.net/grandad/mic.htm (Interpreting campaign medal index cards)
www.1914-1918.net/grandad/medals.htm (Campaign medal records)
www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/wwi_medals.htm (UK Medals - Campaign - The First World War)
www.britishmedals.us (Information and transcriptions from medal rolls)
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/looking-for-subject/medalsanddecorations.htm?WT.lp=rg-3067 (TNA Guide: Looking for records of medals and decorations)
www.petergh.f2s.com/medals.htm (British Gallantry, Orders, Decorations, and Campaign ribbons)
www.greatwar.co.uk/medals/ww1-campaign-medals.htm (Great War 1914-1918: A Guide to British Campaign Medals of WW1)
www.greatwar.co.uk/medals/ww1-gallantry-awards.htm (Great War 1914-1918: A Guide to British Awards for Gallantry or Meritorious Service in WW1)
www.iwm.org.uk/history/first-world-war-service-medals (Imperial War Museum: British First World War Service Medals)
www.iwm.org.uk/research/tracing-your-family-history/tracing-your-army-history/medal-records (Imperial War Museum: Army Family History Medal Records)
http://yourarchives.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php?title=WO_7/40_Military_General_Service_Medal_:_Appeals (TNA 'Your Archives' Military General Service Medal)
www.victoriacross.org.uk
(The Victoria Cross: The site includes an index of individual VC holder's names and a list county and country of the location of graves of VC holders in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and the rest of the world)
http://victoriacrosstrust.org (The Victoria Cross Trust is a charitable organisation that works to ensure the memory and graves of every Victoria Cross recipient are remembered and maintained for generations to come)
www.militaryarchiveresearch.com
(Military Archive Research, by Dr Stuart C Blank)
WWI

www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/firstworldwar/index.htm (TNA online WWI exhibition)
www.1914-1918.net (The Long, Long Trail - The British Army in the Great War of 1914-1918: A resource for military historians, genealogists and others with an interest in the Great War of 1914-1918 with information on the soldiers, units, regiments and battles of the British Army. The site includes a section on 'Researching a soldier')
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/first-world-war (The First World War - The National Archives: Web portal dedicated to WWI with collections featuring letters, diaries, podcasts and videos, maps and photographs. Also discover online collections, research guides and educational resources to learn about the history behind the war)
www.operationwardiary.org
(Operation War Diary: Crowdsourcing partnership project between The National Archives, Imperial War Museums and Zooniverse which aims to unlock the details from within the WWI unit war diaries such as individual named individuals and place names)
www.bl.uk/world-war-one (World War One - The British Library: Explore over 500 historical primary sources from across Europe, together with new insights by World War One experts. Highlights include trench photographs, soldiers’ personal diaries, censored mail and propaganda posters)
www.westernfrontassociation.com
(The Western Front Association: The Association was formed with the aim of furthering interest in The Great War of 1914-1918 and to perpetuate the memory of all those on all sides who served during The Great War. The site includes a section on Research and Family History with articles providing help and guidance for your research into The Great War)
https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org (Imperial War Museum: Lives of the First World War: Digital memorial to the 8 million men and women from across Britain and the Commonwealth who made a contribution during the First World War. Each person will have their own Life Story page. Developed in Partnership with DC Thomson Family History. For the latest developments and additions see http://blog.livesofthefirstworldwar.org)
www.illustratedfirstworldwar.com (Illustrated First World War: Online access to the First World War pages of The Illustrated London News and the wartime years of The Sphere, The Sketch, The Tatler, The Bystander, The Graphic and The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News)
www.cwgc.org/discover1418 (The Discover 14-18 microsite is designed to enable the public to visit the CWGC memorial sites more easily and enhance their understanding of the historical context of the cemeteries and memorials. The site features a timeline and events calendar for WW1 and content themed around major battles and the different roles of the Army, Navy and Air Force)
http://maps.nls.uk/ww1/trenches (British First World War Trench Maps, 1915-1918 - National Library of Scotland. Maps of the Western Front in the Great War depicting British and German trenches. Users can browse individual sheets using a zoomable map or view zoomable overlays of each map on a modern Google or Bing map)
www.iwm.org.uk/collections/search (IWM’s collections. Photographs from the First World War Q series - 115,000 photographs; Photographs from the WWI Bond of Sacrifice series - 14,000 photographs)
www.forces-war-records.co.uk/ww1-troop-movements (Forces War Records. WW1 Troop Movements. Interactive maps that allows you to track your WW1 army ancestor’s troop movements)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Surrey, Military Tribunals 1915-1918. These records are registers and letter books from local military service tribunals at Woking, Dorking and Haslemere and papers kept by the chairman of the appeal tribunal at Guildford, produced in association with the Surrey History Trust)
www.historypin.org/en/explore/first-world-war-centenary (Historypin: First World War Centenary Hub: A home for local community groups running First World War commemorative activities and projects in the United Kingdom and from around the world)
www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War (British Red Cross: First World War Volunteers: Search over 90,000 people who volunteered for the British Red Cross at home and overseas during the war. Groups of volunteers were organised into Voluntary Aid Detachments)
www.everymanremembered.org (Every Man Remembered: The Royal British Legion initiative allows members of the public to commemorate with a personal dedication every individual man and woman from across the Commonwealth who fell in the First World War)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Welsh Guards 1914-1918. These records contain 4,060 names of officers who served with the Welsh Guards, and nominal rolls of Warrant Officers and NCOs)
www.military-researcher.com (Guide to WW1 research including causes of discharge)
http://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk (TNA podcast: Tracing battalions or regiments of the British Army during the Great War)
www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/gwa (The Great War Archive: WWI digital photographs, audio, film, documents, and stories submitted by the general public. The initiative was run by Oxford University between the 3rd March and the 30th June 2008. Users can now share First World War objects on the The Great War Archive Flickr Group)
www.europeana.eu/portal/en/collections/world-war-I (Europeana 1914-1918. Explore the untold stories and official histories of World War I in items from across Europe including postcards, letters, diaries, images and other memorabilia)
www.pals.org.uk/research.htm (Guide to researching service records)
http://ww1-lost-photos.livejournal.com (Blog covering the WWI photographs of the unknown soldiers)
www.ww1photos.com
(World War One Photos: Thousands of identified photos & obituaries of First World War officers, soldiers, sailors, nurses, airmen and civilian workers)
www.flickr.com/photos/imperialwarmuseum/sets/72157627910530369/with/6279131985 (IWM Collections: Faces of the First World War)
www.1914.org (First World War Centenary: The site highlights centenary events and resources from across the globe with details of projects and events. The project is led by led by Imperial War Museums [IMW])
http://cymru1914.org
(Cymru 1914. The Welsh Experience of the First World War. Online access to digitised primary sources relating to the First World War from the Libraries, Special Collections and Archives of Wales)
www.inflandersfields.be/en (In Flanders Fields Museum. The museum presents the story of the First World War in the West Flanders front region and is located in the famous Cloth Hall in the centre of Ypres)
www.inflandersfields.be/en/namelist (Flanders Fields Museum: The Name List: The project aims to assemble all fatalities of the Great War who died or were mortally wounded in Belgium, both civilian and military, and whatever their nationality. The Name List will be launched on 4 August 2014 and includes the digitised Ireland’s Memorial Records which commemorates the memory of the thousands of Irishmen who died during the war)
www.inflandersfields.be/en/knowledge-center/casualty-database/introduction (Flanders Fields Museum: Casualty Database: The databases from the official war grave committees can be searched individually or across all databases. The individual databases include Belgian, French, Commonwealth, German and American soldiers, Belgian civilians and Ireland’s Memorial Records)
www.whodoyouthinkyouaremagazine.com/britain-remembers (Britain Remembers: The First World War Project Map: The aim of the Britain Remembers map is to showcase First World War projects run principally by volunteers)
www.stepshort.co.uk (Step Short: Folkestone Harbour Canteen Visitors' Books: Online collection of 42,000 names of soldiers, nurses and other individuals who passed through the town of Folkestone on their way to the Western Front between 1914 and 1919)
www.ljmu.ac.uk/merseyside-at-war (Merseyside at War 1914-1918: Memories and memorabilia of people from Merseyside who lived, worked or fought during the World War 1 period. Items include letters, photographs, birth certificates and records, posters and medals)
www.findmypast.ie (Ireland's Memorial Record: World War 1: 1914-1918: Online access to transcribed  volumes of Ireland's Memorial Records, created to preserve and commemorate the memory of the thousands of Irishmen who died during the war)

Online Databases

www.thegenealogist.co.uk/military-medal (The Military Medal Collection: Record of servicemen awarded the Military Medal in The First World War. The Military Medal was a medal awarded for exceptional bravery. It was awarded to the Other Ranks [N.C.O.’s and Men] and was first instituted in 25 March 1916 during The First World War, to recognise bravery in battle)
TNA Online Collections (The Victoria Cross Registers extracted from WO 98. Online Collections is produced by The National Archives and contains online access to indexes, transcriptions and digital images of some of the TNA's most important holdings. Searches are free but a fee is levied for each downloaded item. However downloads are free if used at TNA or the Society of Genealogists)
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/digital-microfilm.htm (TNA Digital Microfilm: WO 373: Recommendations for Honours and Awards 1935-1990. Digital Microfilm allows free downloads of records which were previously available only on microfilm in the reading room)
www.ancestry.co.uk (UK, WWII Civil Defence Gallantry Awards, 1940-1949. Records of civilian gallantry awards for acts of bravery by civilians, police, and fire including the British Empire Medal, Empire Gallantry Medal and the George Cross)
www.thegenealogist.co.uk (Mentioned in Dispatches: Over 81,000 records of soldiers and army nurses mentioned in dispatches in The First World War for an act of gallantry or meritorious action in the face of the enemy. Soldiers who were mentioned in dispatches did not receive a medal for their action, but nevertheless were entitled to receive a certificate and wear a decoration)
www.ancestry.co.uk (Military Campaign Medal and Award Rolls, 1793-1949; Citations of the Distinguished Conduct Medal, 1914-1920 )
www.ancestry.co.uk (Victoria Cross Medals, 1857-2007)
www.militaryarchive.co.uk (The Military Archive: The site incorporates three extensive sets of resources: 'Murphy's Register' which has an index of records and photographs of individuals who served in British and Allied Forces from 1880's through to 1935, with a particular emphasis on the Great War: 'The Rolls' which can identify and confirm details from official records with regards to medals awarded: ‘The Library’ is a large, searchable online collection of divisional and regimental histories, and rolls of honour)
www.thegazette.co.uk (London, Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes: Search and browse military and civilian gallantry awards published in the official government newspaper)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Britain, Campaign, Gallantry & Long Service Medals & Awards. Collection of records for those who were recognised for their service, courage, and accomplishments in times of war and conflict from the British Army, Royal Marines, Royal Navy and Merchant Navy. The awards include Military Medals, Distinguished Conduct Medals, Waterloo Medals, Merchant Navy Medals, and the Victoria Cross Award, the premier award for gallantry. You can search by a specific medal type)
www.findmypast.co.uk
(Distinguished Conduct Medal Citations 1914-1920; Waterloo Medal Roll, 1815)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Victoria Cross Recipients 1854-2006. Details of those awarded the highest military decoration for valour. Search through 1,350 recipients who fought in conflicts including the Crimean, the Boer War, the Indian Mutiny as well as both World Wars)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Royal Artillery Honours & Awards, 1886 to 2013. Search through records of Royal Artillery Medals and Awards. Find out more about your ancestor’s military service including the unit he served with, the awards he received, including the Military Cross and the Distinguished Service Order, and where he served)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Royal Artillery Officer Deaths 1850-2011. Search through over a century of Royal Artillery records. The records include campaigns in Bosnia, Iraq and the First and Second World Wars. Discover your ancestor’s birth year, death date and obituary. The records include 27 Victoria Cross recipients)
www.thegenealogist.co.uk (The Victoria Cross and Distinguished Service Order records 1857-1923)
www.forces-war-records.co.uk (Military Genealogy Forces War Records: Military records of over two million British Armed Forces personnel cross matched with over 4000 Regiments including Rolls of Honour, Crimean and Boer War Databases, Medal Rolls and Casualties Lists. The site also has a facility to access information on specific units or bases including regiments, ships, airfields)
www.britishmedals.us/index.html
(The Asplin Military History Resources: Medal roll transcriptions and information that may be of interest to the Victorian military historian and researcher)
www.wartimesindex.co.uk (War Times Index: Name indexes of officers and men extracted from despatches published in the London Gazette, Times and other sources. The index contains details on those who were killed or missing in action, wounded, died from disease, awarded VC's, DCM's and campaign Medals as well as personal letters from the front-line. The database covers the 1st Boer War, 2nd Boer War, Anglo Egyptian Wars, Anglo Zulu War, Ashanti Wars, Boxer Rebellion, Chinese Wars, Crimean War, New Zealand Wars)

CD Roms

www.officialhistoryofthegreatwar.co.uk (Official History of The Great War: A complete record of the war on the Western Front, 1914-1918)