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Parish Registers-Baptisms (Parish)

Nature of Source

Records of Anglican baptism. The system of registration was established in 1538 by Thomas Cromwell, Lord Privy Seal to Henry VIII and Chief Secretary to the King. From this date, clergy were given the responsibility of registering baptisms, marriages and burials in a book secured in the parish chest. In 1598 an order was issued for all entries to be entered on parchment and all previous entries to be copied from paper onto parchment. Therefore any pre-1598 registers are probably not the original. Some parchment registers were started from the accession to the Crown of Elizabeth I in 1558.

It should be noted that these vital events were seen as religious, so the actual birth date and death date and the mother's name were not considered of any relevance. No formal guidelines were issued to the recording of parish registers so the information is inconsistent and was left to the vicar's discretion as to how much information was recorded. Many registers were written in Latin up to 1733.

George Rose's Act of 1812 required the keeping of separate baptismal and burial registers to record specific details of each event starting in 1813. Before Rose's Act, the recorded information concerning baptisms and burials remained largely unregulated and subject to the whim of the clergy. Following the Act, each parish was supplied with printed books to record the information. The only drawback to these uniform registers was that the clergy no longer added their own, sometimes highly informative, comments.

Always check for the availability of Bishop Transcripts (BTs) which were copies of one year's worth of parish registers sent to the Bishop's diocesan registry. The parish registers of baptisms, marriages and burials were transcribed and sent to the bishop within one month of Easter each year starting from 1598. BTs are similar in nature to the parish registers but occasionally may include additional information so they should always be consulted. BTs were not compiled during the commonwealth, 1641-1660 and some pre-1598 BTs exist. Beware that BTs are often inaccurate and the survival rate is patchy but they can offer an alternative when the parish registers are missing. Please note that a diocese did not always coincide with the county boundary.

The Scottish Episcopal Church is the Anglican denomination for Scotland and most registers are still held by the local vicar and some are with the National Records of Scotland.

Although civil registration began on 1st July 1837, church registration continued after this date. During the Commonwealth (1654-1660), the state assumed responsibility for registration with a new position created called the Parish Register, elected by parish ratepayers. Although the actual birth date was recorded, the system was unpopular and gaps often occur and often only minimal information was entered.

Since 1st July 1927 a compulsory system of stillbirth registration has been in operation in England and Wales with the cause of death being added in 1960. Compulsory registration began in 1939 for Scotland, in 1976 for Northern Ireland and in 1995 for Ireland. A stillbirth is defined as a baby born stillborn (after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy, reduced from 28 weeks in 1995) that is to say without any sign of breath or any other sign of life. However, it was not until 1874 that parents could obtain an official declaration of a stillbirth. The authorities had to take action as a deterrent against instances of parents killing and disposing of an unwanted baby (infanticide) with little chance of detection and to stop parents burying a child that died shortly after birth as stillborn. Before 1874, no record will exist of a stillbirth although some incumbents did record the death in the parish register and civil death registers will register a stillbirth as ‘unknown’ or ‘unidentified’ if no one could identify the body.

The earlier registers for baptisms and burials were often kept together in one book in chronological order which can cause confusion when searching for a name. Occasionally, up to the mid-17th century the term 'Chrisom Child' may be found against the name of a baptised infant. This signifies that the child died within a month of birth. The chrisom was a white linen cloth wrapped around the child at the time of baptism. If the child survived, the cloth was given as an offering at the mother's churching service which was a form of thanksgiving to God for the good health of mother and child. In the event of the child's death, he or she would be buried wrapped in the cloth. 'Half-baptised' or 'privately baptised' noted against a baptism entry signifies that the child was baptised at home without the full rites of a church baptism due to the supposed impending death of the child. The entry may be noted by a the letter 'P' or 'Priv'. If the child survived, the date the child was later ‘admitted’ or ‘received’ into the church with a full baptism ceremony should be recorded in the margins of the register.

The mother's full name was cited in the case of a baptism of an illegitimate child with the child described as 'illegitimate', 'base', ‘baseborn’, ‘begotten’, 'bastard', ‘child of shame’, ‘ill begotten’, ‘lovechild’, ‘merrybegot’, ‘reputed’ or 'spurious'. For more information on bastardy see Bastardy Bonds & Documents.

The Burial in Woollen Acts, 1666-1680 stipulated that the deceased's body must be buried in a wool shroud produced in England which acted as a measure to support the woollen industry. An affidavit signed by a magistrate or a minister and sworn under oath by a close relative of the deceased had to be produced as proof of compliance within eight days of the burial. The register entry was therefore marked with an 'A' or 'Aff' and accompanied by an affidavit which have not survived in great numbers. Some incumbents kept separate registers compiled from the affidavits. Those too poor to pay for the shroud and those subjected to a fine are noted. The Acts were officially repealed in 1814 but had ceased to function by the end of the 18th century. The Stamp Act of 1783 imposed a duty of 3d on all parish baptism, marriage and burial register entries as a means of raising revenue for the War of American Independence. Paupers were marked as such in the register which coincidently saw a marked rise in the levels of poverty in many parishes. The unpopular tax was repealed in 1794.

A number of transcribed parish registers compiled in the 19th and 20th centuries are widely available. The most comprehensive are Phillimore's Transcribed Parish Registers. William Phillimore and his team of assistants transcribed mainly marriage registers from some 1200 parishes from 26 Counties. He established the publishing firm Phillimore & Co. in 1897 and began publishing volumes of his transcriptions. Although a useful resource, be aware that the coverage is incomplete and the entries themselves are often inaccurate. For an index to the parishes covered, see Bryant Rosier's 'Index to Parishes in Phillimore's Marriages' which is also available on CD from S & N Genealogy Supplies The volumes are available at the Society of Genealogists, County Record Offices, and other local libraries. Many of the volumes are available online or on CD.

Pallot's Marriage Index is a marriage and baptismal index compiled by record agents from a number of sources covering the years from 1780 to 1837. The work began in 1813 and mainly covers London and Middlesex although other counties are included. About 1.5 million entries are recorded. Only around 200,000 baptism records remain in the index following damage caused by wartime fires. The index is owned by the Institute of Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies who can also provide details of the parish coverage. Online access is available at www.ancestry.co.uk and the CDs are available from the Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies.

Boyds index to English marriages (including nonconformist marriages) was compiled by Percival Boyd between 1920 and 1955 and covers the years from 1538 to 1840. His work provides an index to English marriages extracted from printed parish registers (including Phillimores), Bishop's Transcripts and marriage licences. The Marriage Index is near complete for East Anglia. More information may be included in the original printed source entry. The index contains about 7 million entries or about 12 per cent of all marriages before 1837. Also consult Boyd's London Burials, 1538-1853, Boyd's Family Units (pedigrees) and Boyd's Inhabitants of London. Cliff Webb's City of London Burials Index covers over 36,000 burials in 76 parishes of the City of London for the period 1813 to 1853. A supplement index prepared by Cliff Webb is available at the Printed Books Section at the Guildhall Library. The Boyd and Webb indexes are available online at www.findmypast.co.uk. A List of parishes indexed county by county is available at the Society of Genealogists.

The Dade Registers are named after the Reverend William Dade who initiated a scheme of recording births and deaths between 1770 and 1812 which contained highly detailed information. The system applied throughout the Diocese of York and 22 other parishes in the rest of England. The registers are held at the Borthwick Institute for Archives in York. Some clergymen did not comply with the system and some did not copy all the information for the Bishop Transcripts. Roses Act of 1812 brought the Dade registers to an end. The following information can be found on the registers:

Child's name and seniority (eg. first son); Place and date of birth and baptism; Father's name and occupation; Mother's maiden name; Place of origin of mother and father; Names of child's grandparents; Name and age of deceased; Date and place of death and burial; Names of parents.

It is important to note that up to 1751, England and Wales followed the Julian calendar so the new year began on Lady Day, 25 March and ended the following year on 24 March. The adoption of the Gregorian calendar meant that from 1752 the new year began on the 1 January and ended on 31 December. In addition an adjustment was made for 1752 only which saw eleven days cut from the calendar which meant that the 2 September 1752 was followed by 14 September. Scotland had been using the Gregorian calendar since 1600. Events that took place between 1 January and 25 March pre-1752 are often referred to as 'Old Style' and 'New Style' dates, so as an example a pre-1752 baptism should be shown as 1 February 1749/50. A calculator able to convert between Old and New Style Dates can be found here.

See also
Bastardy Bonds & Documents

Marriage Duty Act/Registration Tax
Palaeography/Handwriting

Where Found

County Record Offices
Society of Genealogists (Copies of English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish registers)
Parish Church
Lambeth Palace Library (Parish Registers: Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials)
Family History Societies
National Library of Wales (The library hold about a half of the surviving Welsh registers with the others held by county record offices)
Borthwick Institute for Archives (Including the Dade Registers)
Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies (County maps, showing the parish boundaries, the probate jurisdiction, and the date of commencement of registers, also available to purchase from the web site)
LDS FamilySearch Centers (Microfilmed copies)

Period Covered

1538 - Onwards

Genealogical Value

Pre 1813
Child's name and date of baptism: Father's full name (with only mother's first name), address (probably just the name of the village or name of the street) and father's occupation: Name of curate. Occasionally date of birth, written in margin, especially if an adult or if several children in one family were baptised at the same time. The mother's maiden name was not normally recorded, unless the child was illegitimate.
Post 1813
Child’s name and date of baptism: Father’s full name (with only mother's first name), address (probably just the name of the village or name of the street) and father’s occupation: Name of curate. Occasionally date of birth, written in margin, especially if an adult.

Further References

Annal, David & Collins, Audrey. Birth, Marriage and Death Records: A Guide for Family Historians: Pen & Sword Books, 2012

 

Burn, John Southerden. The History of Parish Registers in England: Also of the Registers of Scotland, Ireland, the East and West Indies: J.R. Smith, 1862 (Available to view online or download at Google Books or the Internet Archive. Also available to buy on CD at Archive CD Books)

 

City of London Parish Registers: A Handlist of Parish Registers, Register Transcripts, and Related Records at Guildhall Library, Guildhall Library Research Guide 4, 7th ed: 1999

 

Cohen, Deborah, Family Secrets: Living with Shame from the Victorians to the Present Day: Viking, 2013

 

Cressy, David. Birth, Marriage, and Death: Ritual, Religion and the Life Cycle in Tudor and Stuart England: Oxford University Press. 1997 (Limited preview available from Google Books)

 

Gandy, Michael. Family History Cultures and Faiths: The National Archives, 2007

 

Gibbens, Lilian. An Introduction to Church Registers: FFHS, 1994

 

Gibson, Jeremy. Bishops' Transcripts and Marriage Licences, Bonds and Allegations: A Guide to their Location and Indexes (6th ed): The Family History Partnership, 2013 (Preview available from Google Books, 4th ed)

 

Humphrey-Smith, Cecil. Atlas and Index of Parish Registers: Phillimore, 2003 (The Atlas is available to search at www.ancestry.co.uk)

 

Jaunay, Gould. A Parish Finder for England, Adelaide Proformat, 2000

 

Litton, Pauline. Basic Facts about Using Baptism Records for the Family Historian: FFHS, 1996

 

Morris, Janet. A Latin Glossary for Family and Local Historians: Family History Partnership, 2009

 

National Index of Parish Registers: Society of Genealogists (A list of the parish registers with dates of available registers and where they are kept, includes nonconformist registers)

 

Oates, Jonathan. Tracing Your Ancestors from 1066 to 1837: Pen and Sword Books, 2012

 

Paley, Ruth. My Ancestor Was a Bastard: A Family Historian's Guide to Sources for Illegitimacy in England and Wales: Society of Genealogists, 2004 Buy Now on Amazon
Paley, Ruth & Fowler, Simon. Family Skeletons: Exploring the Lives of our Disreputable Ancestors: The National Archives, 2005 (see chapter on ‘Bastards’) Buy Now on Amazon

Raymond, Stuart. Births, Marriages and Deaths on the Web: Southern England, The Marches and Wales: Federation of Family History Societies, 2005

 

Raymond, Stuart. Births, Marriages and Deaths on the Web: The Midlands, Northern England and East Anglia: Federation of Family History Societies, 2005

 

Raymond, Stuart. Parish Registers a History and Guide. The Family History Partnership, 2009

 

Raymond, Stuart. Birth and Baptism Records For Family Historians: Family History Partnership, 2010

 

Raymond, Stuart A. Tracing Your Ancestors Through Parish Records: Pen & Sword Books, 2015

Rosier, Bryant (comp). Index to Parishes in Phillimore's Marriages: Family Tree Magazine, 1988

 

Smart, John Blythe. London Churches & Olde Celebrities: The City Volume I: A Compleat Guide and Perambulation: Blythe Smart Publications, 2012

 

Smart, John Blythe London Churches & Olde Celebrities: Environs Volume II: A Compleat Guide and Perambulation: Blythe Smart Publications, 2012

 

Teichman, Jenny. Illegitimacy: An Examination of Bastardy: Cornell University Press, 1982

 

Webb, Clifford. Dates and Calendars for the Genealogist: Society of Genealogists, 2013

 

Westcott, Brooke. Making Sense Of Latin Documents For Family And Local Historians: Family History Partnership, 2014

 

Wilkes, Sue. Tracing Your Ancestors' Childhood: Pen and Sword Books, 2013

 

Yorke, Trevor. English Churches Explained: Countryside Books, 2010

 

Zunshine, Lisa. Bastards and Foundlings: Illegitimacy in Eighteenth-Century England: Ohio University Press, 2005 (Preview available from Google Books)

 


Eureka Partnership: Various titles containing transcriptions including parish registers for  Buckinghamshire.

Many digitised editions of transcribed parish registers are available at the Internet Archive. Try searching the Internet Archive for parish registers followed by the name of the town or village or the county of interest.

Websites

www.jaydax.co.uk/genlinks/registers.html (Genlinks Genealogy Help: Parish Registers)
http://maps.familysearch.org (Maps showing the administrative areas and units of England. For each place name the parish is shown and gives start date for parish registers and Bishop Transcripts. The name of the appropriate Probate Court, Diocese, Province, Poor Law Union and Hundred is shown. Contiguous parishes and parishes within a specified radius can be displayed. In addition map layers can be displayed showing boundaries for the Civil Registration District, the Parish, the County, the Diocese and other administrative areas)
www.british-genealogy.com/parish-registers/english-registers.html
(Descriptions of English Parish Registers for baptisms, marriages and burials, with examples; How to transcribe parish registers onto a computer database; Some actual register transcriptions; Reading old handwriting; Name Abbreviations; Reading Latin)
www.parishfinder.co.uk
(Parish Finder: Locate a UK parish showing the county Chapman code and OS grid reference for each parish. It is also possible to list surrounding parishes and calculate distances between parishes)
http://places.wishful-thinking.org.uk/index.html (Wishful Thinking Local History Pages: Parish descriptions extracted from old gazetteers and directories focussing on Gloucestershire and a number of nearby counties. The photograph index has images of parish churches. For Gloucestershire and Bristol research see the Ancient Parish Boundary Map and the article Gloucestershire Parish Boundary Changes, 1844-1974, by Rosemary Lockie)
www.ancestry.co.uk (Great Britain, Atlas and Index of Parish Registers. The Phillimore Atlas outlines old parishes prior to 1832 and provides the date of the earliest surviving registers for the parish. The atlas includes England, Wales, and Scotland)
www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/parish-records/index.jsp#other (Guide to researching parish registers)
www.lincstothepast.com/online-resources/133.article (Lincs To The Past guide to parish registers)
http://lostcousins.com/newsletters2/midmar16news.htm (LostCousins Newsletter 9th March 2016: MASTERCLASS: Tracking down pre-1837 baptisms and marriages)
www.stgite.org.uk/media/registers1.html (Baptisms, Weddings and Burials at St George-in-the-East, Cannon Street Road, London. Site includes general guidance on the format and contents of parish registers)
http://homepage.ntlworld.com/hitch/gendocs/churches.html (Victorian London Churches)
www.esds.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=4348&key=4348 (Historic Parishes of England and Wales : an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata)
www.historiccountiestrust.co.uk (Maps and descriptions of the historic counties of England, Scotland and Wales)
www.genuki.org.uk/big/churchdb (The GENUKI church database. Approximate location of parishes and churches that existed around 1837)
http://churches-uk-ireland.org (The Churches of Britain and Ireland; The aim of the site is to have at least one photo of every existing church of all religions, denominations and sects in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands, and where possible, photos or artwork of churches no longer in existence)
www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk (British Listed Buildings Online: Online database of buildings and structures that are listed as being of special architectural and historic interest in England, Scotland and Wales)
www.genuki.org.uk/big/wal/Archives/NLWjournals/ParishRegs (GENUKI. The Parish Registers of Wales, article by R W MacDonald)
www.ukbmd.org.uk (Links to web sites that offer online transcriptions of UK births, marriages, deaths)
www.theclergydatabase.org.uk/reference/resources/azlist.html
(A-Z list of English Anglican dioceses with details of parishes and former incumbents)
https://theartssociety.org/churches-recorded (The Arts Society: Churches Recorded: Record of the contents of our national churches compiled into book form. Can include photos and transcribed memorials. See web site for completed books)
www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~genepool/oldalpha.htm (Examples of Letters of the 17th Century Found in Parish Registers)
http://freereg.rootsweb.com/howto/transcribe.htm (Reading and Transcribing Parish Registers)
http://freereg.rootsweb.com/howto/realnames.htm (Abbreviations and old forms of Christian names)
http://freereg.rootsweb.com/howto/readnumbers.htm (Guide to Numbers and Dates)
http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~oel/latingivennames.html (Latinized Given Names)
http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~oel/givennames.html (Alphabetical list of first or forenames with variants, abbreviations and Latin equivalent found in old documents)
https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Traditional_Nicknames_in_Old_Documents_-_A_Wiki_List (FamilySearch Research Wiki: Traditional Nicknames in Old Documents. Alphabetical list of historic personal nicknames and what they represent)
www.pennyparker2.com/appxchart.html (Period Approximation Chart, adapted from "Basic Course in Genealogy," Vol.II, by Derek Harland. Use to calculate the approximate date of a birth, marriage or death)
www.ovs-genealogy.com/tools/free_birthdate_calculator_calculates_birth_day.shtml
(Birthdate Calculator: Calculate birth date from death date and age on tombstones and death certificates)
www.thecalculatorsite.com/misc/birthday-calculator.php (Calculator Site: Birthday Calculator. Discover what day you were born on your star sign, your Chinese zodiac sign, your birthstone and other facts about your birthday)
www.arc.id.au/Calendar.html (Multi-country historical calendar for the years 1000 to 2100)

Online Databases

National Collections
www.ancestry.co.uk (Parish Records: Major collections include Middlesex and London County Council parish registers from the London Metropolitan Archives. Fully indexed records include Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906; Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921; Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980. Earlier registers are searchable images only. The collection also includes births and deaths from the Board of Guardian Poor Law records. Other major collections includes the Birmingham Collection consisting of Baptisms, Confirmations, [Harborne only], Marriages, Banns and Burials, 1538-1964; Dorset, 1538-2010; Archdeaconry of Canterbury church records consisting of images of C of E marriages, banns and burials, 1538-2005; Gloucestershire, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1813; Lancashire Parish Records, 1538-1986; Manchester Parish Records, 1541-1985; Norfolk, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1535-1812; Northamptonshire Parish Records, 1532-1912; Oxfordshire Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812; Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1915; Somerset, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1531-1812; Surrey, 1538-1987; Warwickshire, 1535-1812; West Yorkshire, 1512-1812; Wiltshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages, Banns and Burials, 1538-1816. Other county coverage includes Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Breconshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Cornwall, Derbyshire, Devon, Durham, Essex, Flintshire, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Kent, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Liverpool, London, Middlesex, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Radnorshire, Rutland, Somerset, Suffolk, Warwickshire, Westmorland, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, Yorkshire)
Familysearch.org (Historical Record Collections: Transcripts of baptisms, marriages and deaths extracted from Anglican parish registers including coverage for Bristol; Cheshire including Manchester; Cornwall; Derbyshire; Dorset; Essex; Kent, browsable images; Lancashire; Manchester, Diocese of; Northumberland; Sussex; Warwickshire and Yorkshire.The site incorporates the data formerly known as the International Genealogical Index and also data formerly sold on CD as the British Isles Vital Records Index. The former Ancestral File and Pedigree Resource File can be found under the heading of 'Family Trees') 
http://books.familysearch.org
(Family History Books: Searchable collection of more than 40,000 digitized genealogy and family history publications. The collection includes heraldic visitations, Phillimore parish register indexes, school registers, Phillimore calendars of wills, family histories, county and local histories, genealogy magazines and how-to books, gazetteers, medieval histories and pedigrees)
www.familyrelatives.com (Parish Records 1538-1900: Baptisms, Marriages, Burials including Phillimore's Transcribed Parish Marriage Registers)
www.thegenealogist.co.uk (Parish Record Collection. The online collections include Family History Society transcripts and Phillimore transcripts of parish registers of baptisms, marriages with licenses and banns and burials. County coverage includes Essex; Gloucestershire; Kent; Leicestershire; Monmouthshire; Norfolk; Northumberland; Nottinghamshire; Nuneaton & North Warwickshire; Worcestershire)
www.findmypast.co.uk (The Parish Records Collection: The London Collection. The collection includes London Docklands Baptisms, 1712-1933 provided by Docklands Ancestors. The collection also includes Thames and Medway parish baptism records, 1721 to 1970 provided by local specialist Rob Cottrell. Coverage of this set includes Kent, Middlesex and Surrey for the period 1750 to 1984 as well as parishes in Brentford, Deptford, Ealing, Greenwich and Rotherhithe)
www.findmypast.co.uk (The Parish Records Collection: Collections include access to baptism, marriage and burial registers supplied by members of the Federation of Family History Societies and other organisations. Special Collections include Middlesex & London Baptism Index, 1538-1882; Archdeaconry of Canterbury Collection; Cheshire Collection; Devon Collection; Hertfordshire Collection; Lincolnshire Collection [browsable images]; Manchester Collection; Plymouth & West Devon Collection; Shropshire Collection; Staffordshire Collection; Wales Collection; Westminster Collection. The parish coverage can be found here; Yorkshire Collection. Other collections include: Bristol/Gloucestershire; Cambridgeshire; Cornwall; Derbyshire; Devon; Dorset; Durham; Essex; Halifax & District; Huddersfield and District; Isle Of Man; Kent; Lancashire; Leicestershire; Liverpool; Middlesex; Montgomeryshire; Norfolk; Northamptonshire; Northumberland including Durham; Nottinghamshire; Pontefract; Rutland; Ryedale; Sheffield; Somerset; Suffolk [including the Suffolk Baptism Index 1538-1911]; Sussex; Thames & Medway; Wakefield; Warwickshire; Wiltshire; Worcestershire)
www.findmypast.co.uk (The Parish Records Collection produced in association with the Society of Genealogists. The Society has partnered with findmypast.co.uk to publish online record sets such as Boyd's Marriage Index 1538-1840; Boyd's 1st Miscellaneous Series 1538-1775; Boyd's London Burials 1538-1872; Boyd's Inhabitants of London and Boyd's Family Units. For more information on the available records see here. Members of the Society will be able to view these records for free at SoG Data Online via their existing membership)
www.sog.org.uk/search-records
(SoG Data Online: County parish coverage includes: Bedfordshire; Berkshire; Buckinghamshire; Cambridgeshire: Cheshire; Cornwall; Cumberland; Devon; Dorset; Essex; Hampshire; Hertfordshire; Kent; Lancashire; Lincolnshire; Middlesex [London]; Monmouthshire; Norfolk; Nottinghamshire; Pembrokeshire; Suffolk; Sussex; Wiltshire; Yorkshire. Members of the Society of Genealogists are able to view these records for free via their existing membership. Non-members can carry out free surname searches but will need to join the society to view the full record details)
www.genesreunited.co.uk (Parish Records: Transcriptions of parish registers of baptisms, marriages and burials supplied by member societies of the Federation of Family History Societies. The database includes Boyd's Marriage Index 1538-1840 and Boyd's First Miscellaneous Series 1538-1775 supplied by the Society of Genealogists)
www.worldvitalrecords.com (Parish Register transcripts in partnership with Anguline Research Archives. See http://blog.worldvitalrecords.com/category/anguline-research-archives for coverage details)
http://freereg2.freereg.org.uk (FreeREG. Volunteer project of transcribed baptism, marriage, and burial records extracted from parish and non-conformist registers of the U.K.)
www.ukbmd.org.uk (The site provides links to web sites that offer on-line transcriptions of UK births, marriages, deaths, parish registers and census returns. Users can also carry out a multi-region UKBMD search at www.ukbmdsearch.org.uk which allows for searches across one or more county. Other miscellaneous indexes are also covered)
www.ukbmd.org.uk/online_parish_clerk (Online Parish Clerks: The project is run by volunteers who collect and transcribe parish records for a chosen Parish and make the data available for free online. The range of information covered includes Apprentice Indentures, Census Returns, Parish Registers, Bastardy Bonds, Settlement Certificates & Removal Orders, Militia/Muster records, Directories, Land Tax Assessments, Workhouse/Poor Law records, Churchwardens Accounts, Tithe Apportionments, Wills, Poor Rate Payers, Lay Subsidies, Protestation Returns, MIs, Church Memorials and Hearth Tax records. Old parish maps and photos are often included)
www.parishchest.com (Online store selling parish register data from a variety of suppliers)
www.londonlives.org
(London Lives: St Botolph Aldgate Parish Registers, 1681-1709)
http://prtsoc.frontisgroup.com/bin/index.php (Parish Register Transcription Society. Indexes and transcriptions of parish registers and Bishop's Transcripts including Phillimore transcripts. See website for county coverage)
Local Collections
www.kent-opc.org (Kent Online Parish Clerks project: Includes links to other county projects not linked at the official Online Parish Clerks site)
http://cityark.medway.gov.uk (CityArk: Medway Ancestors. Original parish register images from the Rochester Archdeaconry, Kent and held by the Medway Council Archives Service)
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mrawson/parish.html (Transcriptions of Kent parish registers)
www.csc.liv.ac.uk/~cprdb (Cheshire Parish Register database: Transcripts of baptism, marriage and burial records as well as bishop's transcripts)
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brett/sdindex.htm (South Derbyshire Genealogy Pages: Includes Parish Registers, Census Returns, Directories, Poor Law records, MIs and Wills)
ww3.gloucestershire.gov.uk/bmd/MainMenu.aspx (Gloucestershire BMD Indexes: Transcripts of the registers held by the Gloucestershire Registration Service)
www.forest-of-dean.net/fodmembers/index.php?mode=page&id=1 (Forest of Dean Family History: Transcribed Forest of Dean parish registers)
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tinstaafl (Norfolk Baptism Project 1813-1880)
http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk (Essex Record Office: Essex Archives Online. 590,000 images of Church of England parish registers from Essex and north-east London. For details of what registers are held and what are available online visit the Parish register page)
www.fhs-online.co.uk (Family History Societies Online: Cornish Forefathers)
www.fhs-online.co.uk (Family History Societies Online: Worcestershire coverage)
www.durhamrecordsonline.com (Durham Records Online: Transcriptions of baptisms, marriages, marriage bonds and burials from many parish registers in County Durham and nearby parishes in Northumberland & Yorkshire; Transcriptions of all Anglican marriages in County Durham from 1 Jan 1813 to 1 July 1837)
www.wolverhamptonhistory.org.uk/resources/indexes (Wolverhampton St. Peter's Parish Registers 1538-1875; Wolverhampton & District Parish Registers 1751-1992, compiled by Pat Galloway)
http://gukutils.org.uk/index.php (Wishful Thinking Parish Records Database: Transcripts of baptisms, marriages and burials extracted from a variety of sources and focussing on Derbyshire)
www.parishregister.com (Docklands Ancestors: Transcriptions of mainly baptism entries extracted from the parish registers of churches in the London's East End. The data is available online or on CD-ROM)
www.parkhouse.org.uk/transcr/tcontent.htm (Somerset parish register transcriptions, including Upottery, Devon. Site includes links to other Somerset online transcriptions)
http://freespace.virgin.net/guy.etchells/Parish.htm (Transcripts of parish registers covering parishes in Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire)
http://sheffieldindexers.com (Sheffield Indexers: Parish Registers: Indexed transcriptions of Sheffield Baptism, Marriage and Burial records)
www.wirksworth.org.uk (Transcribed data covering 40 square miles around Wirksworth and Matlock, Derbyshire. Data sets include Parish Records 1600-1900, Derbyshire Wills 1525-1928, census returns, Petty sessions, Memorial Inscriptions, Board of Guardians, Hearth Tax and others)
http://uk-genealogy.org.uk (Online access to scans of transcriptions covering parishes in Cornwall, Derbyshire, Herefordshire, Devon and Shropshire)
www.wolverhamptonhistory.org.uk/resources/indexes (Transcribed indexes of parish registers held at Wolverhampton Archives & Local Studies including baptisms, marriages and burials, arranged alphabetically by surname)
https://archive.org/details/genealogy (Internet Archive Genealogy: Free online access to digitised resources including The registers of Durston, Somerset, 1712-1812; The Parish Registers of Goldaming, Surrey)
http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/ian.sage/PR/pr_index.html (Links to online transcriptions of Somerset Parish Registers)
www.genogold.com (GenoGold UK Genealogy Database Source)
www.joinermarriageindex.co.uk (The Joiner Marriage Index: Marriage transcriptions covering a number of counties)
www.cefnpennar.com (The OGRE Online: Selection of parish registers in Wales)

CD Roms

Archive CD Books (Harleian Society and Phillimore's Transcribed Parish Registers)
S & N Genealogy Supplies (Parish Records. Transcripts of church records which date back to 1538. The Phillimore series cover marriages from mainly southern areas, while other CDs cover parishes from counties across England and Wales)
Cambridgeshire Family History Society (Parish register transcriptions covering all the parishes in the old county of Cambridgeshire. An index of all surnames and forenames listed in parish and church records and databases which CFHS has published is available at their Super Search)
Gloucestershire Family History Society
(Gloucestershire Baptism Index, 1813-1837. The Society also offers a search service for this data set and a download facility. See website for details)
Sheffield & District Family History Society
(Transcriptions of parish registers of baptisms, marriages and burials)
Lancashire Family History and Heraldry Society (Andrew Todd's map of Lancashire 1851 showing the Registration Districts of Births, Marriages & Deaths, Registration Sub-Districts, Parishes, Townships and all Anglican churches and dates of their earliest registers)
Wiltshire Family History Society (Transcripts of baptism, marriage and burial registers and bishops transcripts for Wiltshire churches up to 1837)
ParishRegister.com (Docklands Ancestors: Transcriptions of mainly baptism entries extracted from the parish registers of churches in the London's East End. The data is available online or on CD-ROM)
Berkshire Family History Society (Transcripts and indexes of Berkshire parish registers including the Berkshire Burials cd which has over 900,000transcriptions from over 270 churchyards, cemeteries, burial grounds and workhouses)
Cassini Maps (Old Parish Maps: Over 15,000 historical Parish Maps available to download. These maps provide a vital link to Parish Records and show in great detail the historical Parishes in which your ancestors lived and worked)
Harleian Society (Parish register transcriptions mainly covering London. The society is best known for its transcriptions of heraldic visitations but is also involved with transcriptions of parish registers, marriage licenses, pedigrees and chancery proceedings)
UK Genealogy Archives (Various counties covered, including Phillimore's Transcribed Parish Registers)
Flatcapsandbonnets.com (Scanned historical and genealogical county book collections on DVD including parish registers, marriage allegations/licenses, directories, paupers in workhouses in 1861, lists of emigrants from England to the USA and Caribbean 1773-76, visitations, poll books. See web site for county coverage and source material)
GENfair
(Parish records indexes and transcriptions from hundreds of suppliers. Many titles are also available to download)
Anguline Research (Scanned copies of published transcripts of parish registers covering various counties)
www.westcountrybooks.com (Published transcripts of parish registers covering various counties in the south west)