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War Memorials, Graves & Rolls of Honour (Military, including WWI) Including Scotland

Nature of Source

Inscriptions from graves and memorials commemorating the deaths of service men and women.

Also look for cemeteries located in or near military bases and be aware that some sites are national memorials and not just for those from a local area. Some memorials commemorate just those who died from a particular industry such as railway employees. Also consult The War Graves Photographic Project which aims to provide images of the graves or memorial listings of every service casualty since the outbreak of the First World War. Also consult De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour 1914-1918 (obituaries & biographies) available online at www.thegenealogist.co.uk, www.familyrelatives.com and www.ancestry.co.uk.

For details of an airman's death consult the 'Soldiers Died in the Great War' publication. First published in 1921, the 81 volumes lists approximately 635,000 Soldiers and 37,000 Officers who died in WWI. The records also deal with Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force casualties. The publication may contain additional information to that on the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Debt of Honour Register. The entire collection is published by The Naval & Military Press on CD-Rom and also available online (See below). The paper and CD versions are available at The National Archives, Imperial War Museum, Society of Genealogists and specialist and local reference libraries. Also consult the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Debt of Honour Register for details of a death and also consider looking through local newspapers which often carried obituaries for those killed in action.

Also see
Army - Casualty Lists, Other Ranks before 1914
Army - Chaplain's Returns, Regimental Registers and Service Departments Returns, Other Ranks & Officers
Army - Registers of Deaths, Other Ranks & Officers, WWI
Debt of Honour Register - Commonwealth War Graves Commission
National Roll of the Great War
Royal Air Force - Casualty Records, WWI

Where Found

Various locations around the UK and the world
Society of Genealogists (The society's collection of Monumental Inscriptions include some war memorials)

Period Covered

1800 - Onwards

Genealogical Value

Name and place of residence or full address, age and date of death of service man or woman. Names of parents. The person's regiment, ship or squadron. Grave reference.

Further References

Corke, Jim. War Memorials in Britain: Shire Publications, 2005 (Preview available from Google Books)

 

Fowler, Simon. A Guide to Military History on the Internet: Pen & Sword Books, 2007

 

Fowler, Simon. Tracing Your First World War Ancestors: A Guide for Family Historians: Pen & Sword, 2013

 

Holt, Tonie & , Holt, Valmai. Major & Mrs Holt's Battlefield Guide to Ypres Salient & Passchendaele: Pen & Sword Books, 2012

 

Holt, Tonie & , Holt, Valmai. Major And Mrs Holt's Battlefield Guide To The Somme: Pen & Sword Books, 2012

 

Summers, Julie & Harris, Brian. Remembered: The History of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Merrell Publishers, 2007

 

Summers, Julie. British and Commonwealth War Cemeteries: Shire Library, 2010 (Preview available from Google Books)

 

Tall, Susan. War Memorials: A Guide for Family Historians: The Family History Partnership, 2014 Buy Now on Amazon


For a comprehensive listing of publications see:
www.warmemorials.org/bibliography (War Memorials Trust: General books)
www.newmp.org.uk/category.php?categoryid=12 (North East War Memorials Project: Bibliography)

Websites

www.warmemorials.org (War Memorials Trust)
www.ffhs.org.uk/ww1/memorials.php (Federation of Family History Societies: War Memorials. Links and guides on how to research them and the people commemorated on them)
www.twgpp.org (The War Graves Photographic Project: The site provides images of the graves or memorial listings of every service casualty since the outbreak of the First World War)
http://archive.iwm.org.uk/server/show/nav.698 (Rolls of Honour at the Imperial War Museum)
www.globalgenealogy.com/globalgazette/gazfd/gazfd44.htm (British Military Records Part 1: The Army, by Fawne Stratford-Devai)
www.ukniwm.org.uk/server/show/nav.12
(UK National Inventory of War Memorials: Family History and War Memorials)  
www.genuki.org.uk/big/MilitaryRecords.html (GENUKI Guide: United Kingdom and Ireland Military Records)
www.1914-1918.net/died.htm (The Long, Long Trail: What happened to soldiers who died in the war?)
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/looking-for-person/war-deaths.htm (TNA Guide: Looking for records of deaths in the First and Second World Wars)
www.greatwar.co.uk/research/military-records/ww1-war-dead-records.htm (Records for the War Dead of WW1)  
www.archive.org/details/recordofserviceo00soli (Internet Archive download of 'Record of Service of Solicitors and Articled Clerks with His Majesty's forces, 1914-1919')
https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org (Imperial War Museum: Lives of the First World War: Digital memorial to the 8 million men and women from across Britain and the Commonwealth who made a contribution during the First World War. Each person will have their own Life Story page. Developed in Partnership with DC Thomson Family History. For the latest developments and additions see http://blog.livesofthefirstworldwar.org)
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/first-world-war
(The First World War - The National Archives: Web portal dedicated to WWI with collections featuring letters, diaries, podcasts and videos, maps and photographs. Also discover online collections, research guides and educational resources to learn about the history behind the war)
http://blackcablondon.net/category/ww1-100-londons-memorials (View from the Mirror-A Cabbies London: WW1 100: London’s Memorials)
http://cymru1914.org (Cymru 1914. The Welsh Experience of the First World War. Online access to digitised primary sources relating to the First World War from the Libraries, Special Collections and Archives of Wales)

Online Databases

Debt of Honour Register - Commonwealth War Graves Commission (The Debt of Honour Register records and commemorates the names of some 1.7 million men and women from all three services killed in the two world wars and others who died up to 31 December 1947)
www.iwm.org.uk/warmemorials (IWM War Memorials Archive [formerly UK National Inventory of War Memorials]: The inventory aims to create a database of information on all the estimated 70,000 war memorials in the UK, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. The details can include community crosses, plaques, lych gates, gardens, organs, windows and more unusual items. Some memorials commemorate all who served and not just those who died. The database can also be accessed in the reading room at the Imperial War Museum)
www.thegenealogist.co.uk
(WW1 and WW2 Rolls of Honour including De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour 1914-1919, the National Roll of the Great War and Rolls of Honours from schools and universities)
www.thegenealogist.co.uk (Rolls Of Honour: Edinburgh Academy Register, War Supplement 1921)
www.twgpp.org
(The War Graves Photographic Project: The site provides images of the graves or memorial listings of every service casualty since the outbreak of the First World War)
http://war-memorial.co.uk (War Memorials Online. Subscription based access to over 20,000 detailed photographs of more than 1,200 memorials linked to databases of over 280,000 names that are recorded on those memorials)
www.lulu.com/spotlight/scottishmilitary (The City of Glasgow Roll of Honour 1914-18: Free download made available by the Scottish Military Research Group listing the citizens of the city who fell in the First World War. The roll was originally published in 1922 and features nearly 18,500 names. The roll is held at the Mitchell Library in Glasgow)
www.findmypast.co.uk (British Army, Lloyds of London Memorial Roll 1914-1919. These are the records and photographs of men from Lloyd’s of London who died during the First World War. Discover your ancestor’s rank, regiment and if he received any awards during his service)
www.findmypast.co.uk
(Middlesex War Memorials. Over 21,000 transcripts taken from War memorials in over 40 parishes in the English county of Middlesex. The collection contains names of soldiers who died while on active service between 1845 and 1998)
www.angelfire.com/mp/memorials/memindz1.htm (Soldiers Memorials: Links to transcriptions of UK and overseas memorials and rolls of honour)
www.rememberthefallen.co.uk (Remember the Fallen: Information on casualties from war memorials in and around Worcester) 
www.roll-of-honour.com (Roll of Honour: Volunteer project of transcribed memorials covering the UK)
www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk (War Memorials Online: The site brings together information on the UK’s war memorials held by the leading experts. Users can browse the current records and upload their own content  photos and condition reports to help create a complete picture of all war memorials across the country)
www.royalmailmemorials.com (Royal Mail Group Memorial Database: Searchable database of more than 300 individual war memorials in the care of Royal Mail. Searches can be carried out by name, location and keywords)
www.glosgen.co.uk
(Gloucestershire Genealogy: War Memorial transcriptions covering Gloucestershire town and villages)
www.familyrelatives.com (De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour 1914-1918, The Iberian Peninsular Medal Roll 1808-1814)
www.ancestry.co.uk (De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour, 1914-1924; Gateshead, Durham, Roll of Honour, 1914-1920: Newspaper clippings of photos and names of soldiers from the Gateshead area in World War I)
www.redcoat.info (Transcripts of memorials about British and Empire Forces officers extracted from various books, casualty lists, medal rolls, newspapers, and memorials)
www.nrm.org.uk/RailwayStories/worldwarone.aspx
(National Railway Museum: Railway Workers Who Died in World War One: Lists of over 20,000 railway employees who died in World War One combining information from items in the library and archive centre such as railway staff magazines and the Commonwealth War Graves Commission)
www.findmypast.co.uk
(Essex Memorial Inscriptions. The dataset contains records covering Anglican, Roman Catholic, Quaker, and non-conformist, as well as community and war memorials)
www.lyrs.org.uk/genealogy/rollofhonour.html
(The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Society: Rolls of Honour: Downloadable document produced in 1915 of the names and departments of all L&Y employees then serving and those reported as lost or missing. The second document was produced at the end of the war and lists all L&Y staff who gave their lives in the conflict and those who were decorated for bravery)
www.cefnpennar.com (The OGRE Online: Selection of Monumental Inscriptions and war memorials in Wales)
www.foma-lsc.org
(Friends of Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre: De Caville Index. The Index consists of over 4,000 names of men killed in World War One taken from memorials all over the Medway Towns, including men born in the area, those stationed there during hostilities and the Live Bait Squadron. Each record includes the name, dates of birth and death, rank, record number, address, burial place and many photographs)
www.worldvitalrecords.com (War memorials in the West Yorkshire city of Wakefield, in partnership with Anguline Research Archives)
www.genhound.co.uk (Manchester Grammar School Roll of Honour, 1914-1917)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Ireland's Memorial Records 1914-18: Names of over 49,600 Irishmen who lost their lives fighting in the war, published in 1923)
www.memento-mori.co.uk (Index of name transcriptions, including date of death, taken from Scottish graveyard Monumental Inscriptions. Photos of the inscription can be supplied for a fee as can a CD containing all the transcriptions. Searches can be undertaken of the listed graveyards if a person is known to have been buried there. Transcriptions include war memorials)
http://digital.nls.uk/gallery.cfm (National Library of Scotland: Digital Gallery: Rolls of Honour. Scottish listings of casualties and those who died while on active service during the First World War)
www.jewishwargraves.org (Jewish War Graves: Searchable memorial site commemorating more than 2,300 Jewish soldiers who served in the British armed forces during World War II and gave their life. A full list of servicemen can be listed for each cemetery)
www.findmypast.ie (Findmypast Ireland a partnership between Eneclann and findmypast: Ireland's Memorial Record: World War 1: 1914-1918)
www.findmypast.ie (Ireland: National Roll Of Honour 1914-1921. These records give details of Irishmen, who died whilst serving in the British Army during the First World War. Also included are those soldiers who died in the three years after the end of the war)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Armed forces & Conflict Records: De Ruvigny’s Roll of Honour; Birmingham Employers Roll of Honour 1914-1918; Essex, Clacton Roll Of Honour 1914-1918; Oldham Pals Roll of Honour; Plymouth Rolls Of Honour 1914-1919; Manchester Employers' Roll Of Honour 1914-1916; South Africa Roll of Honour 1914-1918)
www.findmypast.co.uk
(Britain School & University Memorial Rolls 1914-1918. Search the names of individuals who fought in World War 1 from the University of Aberdeen, the University of London, Eton, Oxford, Manchester University, the University of Durham, the University of Edinburgh and St Andrews)
www.findmypast.co.uk
(London Stock Exchange Memorial Roll 1914-1918. The records include the names and short biographies of those who were employees of the London Stock Exchange and died for King and Country)
www.military-genealogy.com/productHome.php?gproduct=gww1 (Military Genealogy: World War 1 Records including Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919)
www.familyrelatives.com (Military Records including Soldiers who died in the Great War 1914-1918)
www.genesreunited.co.uk (WW1 death Records including Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919)
www.ancestry.co.uk (WWI British Army Service Records including Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919)
www.militaryarchive.co.uk
(The Military Archive: The site incorporates three extensive sets of resources: 'Murphy's Register' which has an index of records and photographs of individuals who served in British and Allied Forces from 1880's through to 1935, with a particular emphasis on the Great War: 'The Rolls' which can identify and confirm details from official records with regards to medals awarded: ‘The Library’ is a large, searchable online collection of divisional and regimental histories, and rolls of honour)
http://sheffieldindexers.com
(Sheffield Indexers: Roll of Honour Sheffield Men, 1914-1918, courtesy of Wendy Wood)
http://imr.inflandersfields.be/index.html
(Ireland’s Memorial Records: Online access to some 49,000 names published in 1923 in the Irish National War Memorial. The memorial books detail those who died or were mortally wounded during WWI, both civilian and military, and whatever their nationality)
www.gov.uk/probate-search (Find a Soldier's Will: Search for the will of a soldier who died while serving in the British armed forces between 1850 and 1986. Final handwritten wills and last letters home were kept by troops in their pocket service books and tucked into their uniforms. The wills, owned by Her Majesty's Court and Tribunal Service, include 280,000 soldiers who died in the Great War. See website for progress on the project)

Many memorials are indexed at a local level and many others published on web sites.

CD Roms

S & N Genealogy Supplies (Including Record of Service of Solicitors and Articled Clerks 1914-1918)
Anguline Research Archives (Cenotaphs in the Wakefield Area, Leeds in the Great War, 1914-1918, Rugby School War Register)
Naval & Military Press (Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919)