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Holocaust (Shoah) Records (Jewish)

Nature of Source

Records from those that perished in Nazi concentration camps and death camps. The victims were mainly Jews but included homosexuals, gypsies, the mentally ill, the disabled and Jehovah's Witnesses. Most of the records were destroyed but documents captured by Allied Forces remain in the public domain. Many records are emerging from Russian archives. Concentration camps were established soon after the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933.

Deportation lists show details of those sent to the camps, however those sent to extermination camps were often summarily murdered on arrival unrecorded. Some named on a deportation list might have somehow evaded deportation. Some massacres carried out by groups such as the Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing unit) were recorded but without the names of the victims. When a person's place of abode is found, it is then possible to examine the holocaust history of the area which can provide clues as to the possible destination of the person or family. Jews living in rural areas were normally exiled to larger communities in neighbouring towns or cities. The German Bundesarchiv has produced a chronology of deportations from Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands showing date, number of people, arrival date and destination.

The German Minority (Jewish) Census (Volkszählung) of 1939 could help identify a person or family before deportation. The census was taken on the 17th May 1939 and could include a person's name, birth date, place of birth, which of the person's four grandparents were Jewish, as well as whether the person completed higher education. Within each district (Kreis) the records are arranged alphabetically first by town, then by surname. For guidance on using the census see here. The census has been filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah (FamilySearch) and is available from LDS FamilySearch Centers. The following book is a finding aid which helps to identify the microfilm number for German towns used in the LDS microfilmed census.
Edlund, Thomas Kent (compiler). The German Minority Census of 1939: An Introduction and Register: Avotaynu, 1996

Memorial books were compiled after WWII and attempted to list and commemorate the victims of the Holocaust. In 1968, the German government published the two volume 'Gedenkbuch: Memorial Book for the German Victims of the Holocaust'. The work included non-German Jews resident in Germany. Initially the volumes only covered West Germany but revisions will include the former East Germany. The Gedenkbuch is available online. Many others have been produced covering other territories or are being planned. Yizkor books which commemorate destroyed Jewish communities throughout Europe has a separate entry in the GenGuide.

The International Tracing Service based in Bad Arolsen, Germany offers a free tracing service for people seeking information on the victims of Nazi persecution. The archives include records of prisoners, forced labourers, children, deportation lists and personal documents. The digitised Central Name Index has references to every piece of information ever held by the archive and now totals 50 million references to around 17.5 million people. A similar Child Tracing Service is available covering children under 18 years of age at the end of the war. The UK's digital copy of the International Tracing Service Archive can now be accessed at The Wiener Library in London. The Library is able to respond to a small number of queries in order to attempt to clarify the fates of individuals, and is also open for researchers to consult in the Reading Room of the Library by appointment.

Kindertransport is the name given to a rescue operation initiated by the British government which allowed around 10,000 unaccompanied Jewish children under the age of 17 to settle in Great Britain. The children arrived from Germany, Austria, and Czechoslovakia with the help of Jewish and Quaker groups and ran from 1938 to 1940. Parents and guardians were refused entry and many thousands of Jewish children were denied entry into Palestine by the British government. After the war many became citizens of Britain and others settled in the US, Canada, Australia and Israel. Many converted to Christianity. The records are now held by World Jewish Relief.

See also
Jewish Records
Jewish Registers
Yizkor Books & Shtetl Records

Where Found

Yad Vashem (The Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority: The Yad Vashem Library is the world's most comprehensive collection of published material about the Holocaust. The catalogue is available here and the Yad Vashem Photo Archive allows users to search the collection in partnership with Google. Follow the activities of the library on Facebook and on YouTube. See below for online databases available from Yad Vashem)
The Wiener Library Institute of Contemporary History (The World's Oldest Holocaust Memorial Institution. Holdings include Memorial Books and lists of survivors compiled after the war within the Displaced Person Camps; Digital copy of the International Tracing Service Archive; Kindertransport documentation; Gravestone inscriptions from Jewish cemeteries; Pre-war telephone directories for cities such as Berlin, Vienna and Prague; Refugee Family Papers; Newspapers and journals. Follow the activities of the library on Facebook and Twitter)
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (The Museum is America’s national institution for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust history. The collections can be searched here which also includes the Photo Archives Online Catalog, Holocaust Encyclopedia and the Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database. The Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center ensures the individual experiences of survivors and victims of the Holocaust and Nazi-era persecution are collected, preserved, and disseminated for future generations)
Museum of Jewish Heritage (A Living Memorial to the Holocaust. The Museum features artifacts related to Jewish history and modern Jewish life.)
British Library, The Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections (Holdings include Memorial Books)
Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain (The society promotes the preservation of Jewish genealogical records and resources. The library includes a selection of Memorial Books. Follow the activities of the society on Facebook)
London School of Jewish Studies (The LSJS Library is home to over 70,000 volumes of Judaica and Hebraica and includes a collection of holocaust related material including Memorial Books)
Parkes Library within Hartley Library, University of Southampton (The Holocaust collections includes histories of the Holocaust, diaries and testimonies of victims and survivors, historiography of the Holocaust and Memorial Books)
School of Oriental and African Studies Library (Collections include a selection of Memorial Books)
University College London Library (Holdings include Memorial Books)
House of the Wannsee Conference The Joseph Wulf Library (The holdings include research literature, reference works, memorial books and eyewitness accounts)

Period Covered

1933 - 1945

Genealogical Value

Names, ages, dates and places of birth, occupations, dates and places of death, family relationships. Dates of and places of deportation.

Further References

Grenville, Anthony. Jewish Refugees from Germany and Austria in Britain, 1933-1970: Vallentine Mitchell, 2009


Hlavinka, Jan. The Holocaust in Slovakia: The Story of the Jews of Medzilaborce District: Avotaynu, 2011


Issroff, Saul. The Holocaust in Lithuania 1941-1945: A Book of Remembrance: Gefen Publishing, 2002


Hundert, Gershon David (ed). The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe: Yale University Press, 2008 (The online version is available at www.yivoencyclopedia.org)


Megargee, Geoffrey P. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933 – 1945: Indiana University Press, 2012 (Preview available from Google Books)


Mokotoff, Gary. How to Document Victims and Locate Survivors of the Holocaust: Avotaynu, 1995


Spector, Shmuel & Wigoder, Geoffrey. The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust: New York University Press, 2001 (For a list of all towns in the Encyclopedia see here. Selected pages are available to view online at Google Books)

Buy Now on Amazon
Stone, Dan. The Liberation of the Camps: The End of the Holocaust and Its Aftermath; Yale University Press, 2015  Buy Now on Amazon

Wenzerul, Rosemary. Tracing your Jewish Ancestors:A Guide for Family Historians: Pen and Sword Books, 2014

 

Websites

Organisations
www.ajr.org.uk (The Association of Jewish Refugees: Provides assistance to Jewish victims of Nazi persecution living in Great Britain. The organisation runs a special interest group representing the interests of those involved in the Kindertransport)
www.ushmm.org/remember/the-holocaust-survivors-and-victims-resource-center (The Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center: The Center ensures the individual experiences of survivors and victims of the Holocaust and Nazi-era persecution are collected, preserved, and disseminated for future generations)
www.leobaeck.co.uk (Leo Baeck Institute London: The Institute seeks to preserve for posterity the history and culture of German-speaking Jewry. Other centres can be found in New York and Jerusalem. The LBI collections can be searched online and include personal documents, correspondence, family and community histories, memoirs and manuscripts, genealogical materials, business records and photographs)
www.jewishmuseum.org.pl/en (Museum of the History of Polish Jews. The museum’s Resource Center houses a specialised book collection, pre-war maps and street plans, photographs, family memorabilia and other resources detailing the history of Polish Jews. The Library has old books, print publications and periodicals. The museum also operates separate projects including The Virtual Shtetl which provides information on pre-war Jewish life in Polish villages, towns and cities, the Polish Righteous – Recalling Forgotten History which documents rescue stories and The Central Judaica Database an online catalogue featuring artifacts and documents related to Jewish culture)
http://en.auschwitz.org/m (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum: Official site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau [German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp] Memorial and State Museum. The Archives include includes original German camp records, memoirs, accounts by former prisoners, photographs and documentary films. The archives section hosts a database of the partially preserved records of Auschwitz prisoners. The full catalogue of the Auschwitz Museum Library is available online)
http://tracingthepast.org
(Tracing the Past: Tracing the Past is a nonprofit organization based in Berlin, Germany, dedicated to the research and memorialization of the persecuted in Europe 1933-1945. Projects include ‘Mapping the Lives’ a Biographical Encyclopedia and Atlas of the Persecuted in Europe 1933-1945 and the 1939 German Minority Census)
www.yahadinunum.org (Yahad - In Unum. Yahad - In Unum is the leading research organization investigating the mass executions of more than 2 million Jews and tens of thousands Roma/Gypsy people during the Holocaust in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. The organisation operates www.yahadmap.org an interactive map showing execution sites located by Yahad teams at which the Nazis and their allies murdered Jews in towns and villages throughout Eastern Europe)
www.jhi.pl/en (Jewish Historical Institute: The mission of the Jewish Historical Institute is to spread knowledge about the heritage of the thousand years of Jewish presence on the Polish lands and to help Jews discover their Polish roots)
www.science.co.il/Jewish-Museums.asp (Global Directory of Jewish Museums)
Research
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/holo.html (Jewish Virtual Library entry for the holocaust)
http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/tp/holocaust.htm (The Holocaust by Jennifer Rosenberg, About.com Guide)
www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/voices/holocaust.html (Voices of the Holocaust: Guide from the British Library)
www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/holocaust/resource_center/index.asp (Holocaust Resource Center including a lexicon of Holocaust related terms and topics and a Timeline)
www.movinghere.org.uk/galleries/roots/jewish/holocaust/holocaust.htm (Moving Here Guide: Holocaust Research)
www.wienerlibrary.co.uk/External-Resources
(Wiener Library External Resources. The Library has collected together external digital resources and links to other organisations that you might find useful for your research. Sections include: digital holocaust resources, holocaust museums and memorials, genealogy records and resources and others)
www.holocaustresearchproject.org (Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team: The aim of H.E.A.R.T is to inform and educate people about the Holocaust and the extermination programs conducted by the Nazi regime throughout Europe during the Second World War.)
www.holocaustsurvivors.org (Holocaust Survivors: Site includes historical background and an encyclopedia)
www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/about/institute/killing_sites_catalog.asp (The International Institute for Holocaust Research: Online Guide of Murder Sites of Jews in the Former USSR. The Guide includes concise information on the location of murder sites, the identity of the perpetrators, the number of victims and how the Jews were murdered in Belarus and Ukraine)
www.yadvashem.org/untoldstories/database/homepage.asp (Yad Vashem The Untold Stories. The Murder Sites of the Jews in the occupied territories of the former Soviet Union during the Holocaust)
www.yahadmap.org
(Execution Sites of Jewish Victims Investigated by Yahad - In Unum. This map indicates the mass execution sites located by Yahad teams at which the Nazis and their allies murdered Jews in towns and villages throughout Eastern Europe. Each site includes a link to a brief profile and research findings for each location)
https://portal.ehri-project.eu (European Holocaust Research Infrastructure: The EHRI portal offers access to information on Holocaust-related archival material held in institutions across Europe and beyond)
www.iwm.org.uk/history/the-holocaust (Imperial War Museum: The Holocaust)
http://jewishwebindex.com/Holocaust.htm (Jewish Web Index. A compendium of thousands of links relating to Jewish genealogy research sorted in alphabetical order by country or subject)
www.avotaynu.com/holocaust (How to Document Victims and Locate Survivors of the Holocaust)
www.feefhs.org/conferences/2009pdf/edlund1.pdf (Holocaust research presentation including guidance on using the German Minority (Jewish) Census of 1939)
www.cjh.org/p/60 (The Ackman & Ziff Family Genealogy Institute of the Center for Jewish History: Research Guides covering a number of topics such as Starting Your Family History Research, Synagogue Records, Holocaust Research, Jewish Names, and Finding an Ancestral Town as well as country specific research including Argentina, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Germany, Great Britain and Lithuania)
www.stolpersteine-frankfurt.de (Stolpersteine or Stumbling Stones are stone blocks on which a brass plate has been affixed inscribed with the names and statistical data of people who were persecuted and murdered during the national socialistic period. The site has coverage for Frankfurt whilst details about the initiative can be found at www.stolpersteine.com)
www.jewishgen.org/GerSIG/holocaust.htm (Holocaust related websites)
www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps (Histories and information on the extermination and concentration camps including details of less well known camps)
www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/database.html (Yizkor Book Database)
www.jewishgen.org/Communities (The JewishGen Communities Database and JewishGen Gazetteer [formerly ShtetlSeeker]. The database contains information on about 6,000 Jewish communities in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East and lists each community's name in various languages and the political jurisdictions during different time periods)
www.sztetl.org.pl/en/ (Virtual Shtetl: The site which is a project of the Museum of the History of Polish Jews provides information on pre-war Jewish life in Polish villages, towns and cities including details of their various names, changes in sovereignty and population counts. Archival documents will be added in time)
www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Genealogy-Portal-A-Guide-to-Jewish-Projects-and-Resources-on-Geni/13121 (Jewish Genealogy Portal: A Guide to Jewish Projects and Resources on Geni. This Portal is a guide to significant Jewish genealogy umbrella or resource projects on Geni including a section entitled the Holocaust: The Final Solution)
http://go.fold3.com/holocaust (The Holocaust Collection: Holocaust facts and maps and including online records from the US National Archives & the US Holocaust Memorial Museum)
www.museumoffamilyhistory.com/whm.htm (World Holocaust Memorials)
www.museumoffamilyhistory.com/h.htm (Museum of Family History. Online virtual museum dedicated to Jewish genealogical research which includes a Holocaust section)
http://sounds.bl.uk/Oral-history/Jewish-Holocaust-survivors (British Library Oral History Recordings: Jewish survivors of the Holocaust)
http://vhaonline.usc.edu (USC Shoah Foundation Visual History Archive Online: An online portal that allows users to search through and view nearly 52,000 audiovisual testimonies of survivors and witnesses of the Holocaust)
www.buchenwald.de/english (Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorial Foundation: The aim of the foundation is to preserve the sites of the crimes as sites of mourning and commemoration. The website has numerous photographs of the camps and alphabetical lists of victims)
www.cjudaicum.de/en/archive (New Synagogue Berlin: Centrum Judaicum Foundation: Records from Jewish communities, associations, organisations and private individuals)
www.many-roads.com/2015/05/17/jewish-mega-search-engine (ManyRoads Jewish [Shoah] Mega-Search Engine: The search facility Engine scours the internet for harder to find, less well known sites that contain valuable genealogical or historical clues)
http://rtrfoundation.org (Routes to Routes Foundation: Guide to the Jewish records and other relevant records such as vital records, census returns and voter lists held in the archives of Belarus, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland and Ukraine. The Archive Database allows searches for individual places showing the material available with guides to accessing the material)
www.lo-tishkach.org (European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative: Information on Jewish burial grounds in Europe)
www.jewishphotolibrary.com
(HaChayim HaYehudim Jewish Photo Library: Image library featuring synagogues, cemeteries and Holocaust memorials from around the world)
www.yivoencyclopedia.org
(Online edition of the YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. The encyclopedia provides the most complete picture of the history and culture of Jews in Eastern Europe from the beginnings of their settlement in the region to the present)
www.doew.at/english/content.html (Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance: The Document Centre houses a library and an archive of holocaust related material and other material detailing Nazi persecution)
http://holocaustinthebaltics.com
(The Baltic Holocaust)
www.vilnaghetto.com
(Chronicles of the Vilna Ghetto)
www.revilna.org (reVILNA: Vilnius Ghetto Project. reVilna is a digital mapping project dedicated to understanding how the residents of the Ghetto lived, pulled from memoirs, archives, original Ghetto documents and artifacts, and oral and historical accounts)
http://polishjews.yivoarchives.org (YIVO Digital Archive on Jewish Life in Poland. The online collection includes manuscripts, posters, photographs, music and other artifacts)
www.joodsmonument.nl (Digital Monument to the Jewish Community in the Netherlands)

Online Databases

Europe-Wide
The Central Database of Shoah Victims Names (Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority: Names and biographical details of half of the six million Jews murdered by the Nazis and their accomplices)
Shoah-related Lists Database (Variety of lists containing names not yet entered into Central Database of Shoah Victims Names)
www.ancestry.co.uk (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Free access to indexes of four museum collections including: Ain, France, Selected Holocaust Records,1940-1944; Czechoslovakia, Jewish Applications for Social Welfare After WWII; Czechoslovakia, Jews Deported to Terezin and Poland, 1943-1945; Munich, Germany, Displaced Jewish Children at the Ulm Children's Home, 1945-1948; Great Britain, Holocaust Records From The Religious Society of Friends, 1933-1942; UK, Selected Records Relating to Kindertransport, 1938-1939)
http://archives.jdc.org/explore-the-archives/family-researchers.html (The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee: Family Researchers: JDC Names Database: The database has over 500,000 names from historic documents and client lists of those helped by JDC from 1914 to 1954. A description of the lists currently searchable in the Names Database can be found in the Lists in the Names Database)
www.ancestry.co.uk (Jewish Records-Holocaust. Free access to numerous holocaust related databases covering many European countries and including camp inmate lists, yizkor book name lists and survivor lists. Produced in association with JewishGen)
www1.yadvashem.org/pheip (Holocaust-era insurance policyholders compiled by the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims)
http://db.yadvashem.org/deportation/page.html?language=en (Transports to Extinction: Shoah Deportation Database: The database reconstructs the organised deportations of Jews during the Holocaust from territories of the Third Reich, from countries under German occupation, from the Axis states and from the satellite states)
www.worldmemoryproject.org (World Memory Project: The project is a collaboration between the Holocaust Memorial Museum and Ancestry.com and aims to be the world's largest online resource for information on Jewish victims of the Holocaust and millions of non-Jews who were targeted for persecution by Nazi Germany and its collaborators. The site allows the public to search victims' records online. The project allows anyone, anywhere to type information from historical records into databases that will be made searchable online for free)
www.ushmm.org/remember/the-holocaust-survivors-and-victims-resource-center (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database. This database centralizes information from the Museum’s collections about individual survivors and victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution. The database contains millions of names indexed from various lists and historical documents in the Museum’s extensive archival collection)
www.jewishgen.org/databases/Holocaust (JewishGen's Holocaust Database: Collection of databases containing information about Holocaust victims and survivors. It contains more than 2.7 million entries, from more than 190 component datasets all listed on the site)
http://go.fold3.com/holocaust_records (National Archives Holocaust Records: Scanned and indexed Holocaust records such as Holocaust assets and death camps in partnership with the US National Archives & the US Holocaust Memorial Museum)
www.worldjewishrelief.org/about-us/your-family-history
(World Jewish Relief. Digitised records of people rescued from Europe in the 1930s and 40s, including 10,000 through the Kindertransport. These files are available for free. Fill in the form at the website to find out if they have your family's story)
www.wienerlibrary.co.uk/interactivemap
(Refugee Family Papers: An Interactive Map - Wiener Library: Browse and search a wide selection of The Wiener Library's collections of refugee family papersbeen donated by Jewish refugees and their families, who escaped Nazi antisemitic persecution by emigrating from Germany and Nazi-dominated countries, including Poland, Austria, and France)
http://etat.geneve.ch/dt/archives/a_votre_service-liste_refugies-1700.html (Database of more than 25,000 persons who fled to neutral Switzerland during WWII. The site is in French so upload the site into Google Translate)
Austria
www.doew.at/ausstellung/shoahopferdb_en.html (Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance Austrian Victims of the Holocaust: Database containing the names of more than 62,000 Austrian victims of the holocaust. Entries include victim's name, birth date, place of death and sometimes date of death. Place of deportation from and to and the date of deportation. A CD ROM version is available with many formerly unpublished photographs)
www.findbuch.at/index_en.html (Findbuch for Victims of National Socialism: Search for people, companies or addresses in the Austrian archives for information on National Socialist property seizures and Austrian compensation and restitution measures)
Belgium
http://zoeken.felixarchief.be/zHome/Home.aspx?id_isad=317258 (FelixArchief [Antwerp City Archives]: Belgium Expulsion Orders from, December 1940 and February 1941. The orders were issued by the German occupying authorities transferring Jewish immigrants from Antwerp to the Belgian province of Limburg. Gershon Lehrer has transcribed the lists and provided extensive background material)
https://beeldbank.kazernedossin.eu
(Kazerne Dossin: Memorial Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights. Digitised and searchable transit lists from the Mechelen transit camp [Dossin barracks] in Belgium to Auschwitz-Birkenau, Buchenwald, Ravensbrück, Vittel and Bergen-Belsen. The site also hosts a collection of unnamed photos of deported victims)
Czech Republic
www.bterezin.org.il (Beit Theresienstadt-Theresienstadt (Terezin) Martyrs Remembrance Association. The Association holds the Beit Terezin card index of all know prisoners)
www.holocaust.cz/en/main
(Database of the Holocaust Victims: The database contains lists of Holocaust victims, but not survivors, imprisoned at Theresienstadt/Terezín concentration camp. Details include names, dates of birth, dates of deportation to extermination camp and dates of death. The ‘Database of the Digitized Documents’ contains digitised archival documents including death certificates, identity cards and individual photographs)
France
http://sig.tge-adonis.fr/Paris1942 (Les enfants juifs de Paris déportés de juillet 1942 à août 1944: Names of more than 6,200 Jewish children arrested in Paris from 1942 – 1944)
Germany
www.buchenwald.de/english (Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorial Foundation: The aim of the foundation is to preserve the sites of the crimes as sites of mourning and commemoration. The website has numerous photographs of the camps and alphabetical lists of victims)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Kindertransport, 1939 to 1945: Collection of digitised government documents relating to the Kindertransport operation held by The National Archives. They mainly comprise passenger lists telling you the name of the child, their birth date and place, the date they departed Germany, name of the ship on which they travelled and their arrival port in the UK)
www.findmypast.co.uk (Kindertransport Browse, 1938 to 1945: Read through volumes of historic government documents related to Kindertransport, the British scheme to rescue Jewish children from Nazi occupied regions. The documents, which have been provided by The National Archives, include: Foreign Office, War Cabinet, Home Office, Education and Ministry of Health)
www.muenchen.de/rathaus/Stadtverwaltung/Direktorium/Stadtarchiv/Juedisches-Muenchen/Gedenkbuch.html (Munich City Archives: Biographisches Gedenkbuch der Münchner Juden, 1933-1945: Online access to the digitised memorial book remembering the Jews of Munich murdered in the Holocaust)
www.jewishgen.org/databases/Germany (JewishGen Germany Database: Datasets include ‘Jewish Families of Northern Germany’; ‘The Hessen Gatermann Index’ which contains more than 31,500 Jewish records from northern and eastern Hessen, Germany with links to the actual documents located at the Hessen State Archives site; ‘Aufbau Survivors Lists’; ‘Jews in Würzburg, 1900-1945’; ‘The 1933 German Towns Project’)
www.stiftung-bg.de/totenbuch/main.php (Memorial and Museum Sachsenhausen: Book of the Dead KZ Sachsenhausen 1936-1945: List with the names of more than 20,000 victims of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp including first name, date of birth, place of birth, prisoner number, date of death and place of death)
http://tracingthepast.org/minority-census (German Minority Census Database, 1939: The database contains the names of all of the people who lived in the household where one or more people in the household had a minimum of one Jewish grandparent)
www.paul-lazarus-stiftung.de/en/research/shoah-victims-from-wiesbaden
(Wiesbaden City Archives: Shoah Victims from Wiesbaden. Memorial list identifying more than 1500 Wiesbaden Jewish men, women and children, who were murdered in the Shoah)
http://wga-datenbank.de/en/search.html
(The Online Project on the Records of the Berlin Restitution Offices: Berlin State Archive: Online access to transcriptions of the indexed cards created by the Restitution Office which dealt with the restitution of property to victims of Nazi persecution. The index cards detail, the injured parties, the defendant and the affected property)
www.meyersgaz.org/index.aspx (Germany: Meyers Gazetteer. Each place searched in the database is linked to the original gazetteer entry as well as showing modern and historic maps and Catholic and Protestant parishes and Synagogues in the area)
http://compactmemory.de
(Compact Memory: German language site containing digitised and transcribed Jewish periodicals and magazines covering 1806-1839)
http://stevemorse.org/germanjews/germanjews.html (Searching the 1933 German Jews Database in One Step. The database holds records of Jews resident in West German communities (not including Berlin) as defined in the Nürnberg laws in 1933. The project was initiated by the International Tracing Service who contacted communities in the 1960s asking them to compile lists of Jews who had lived within the area and what happened to them)
http://stevemorse.org/jewishroof/jewishroof.html (German Jewish Roof Card Collection, 1938-1942. Indexes to individual card files of Jews who were not deported but perished or even survived within Germany. Created by Stephen P. Morse and Peter Landé from card files which form a part of the International Tracing Service collection)
Latvia
www.rgm.lv/db (Database of names of Jewish children who perished in the Holocaust in Latvia)
http://rgm.lv/db/?do=cnd (Latvian Jews perished in the Holocaust: Searchable list of 76,122 Latvian Jews murdered in the Holocaust, compiled by the Riga Ghetto and Latvian Holocaust museum)
www.rgm.lv/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Rigas-geto-maju-gramatas.pdf (Riga Ghetto and Latvian Holocaust Museum: List of Riga ghetto imprisoners by Tamara Zitcere based on house registers of Riga ghetto)
http://memorialplaces.lu.lv/map (Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia: Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia: Database and interactive map that locates Holocaust memorial sites in Latvia. The map shows the Jewish killing sites with information on each site including a brief history, location, characteristics and a reference to the related names of Jews)
Lithuania
http://holocaustatlas.lt/EN (Lithuanian Holocaust Atlas: Detailed information on sites of mass murder of Jews in Lithuania during the Holocaust. Each site is shown on a map with precise geographical coordinates)
http://dovidkatz.net (Dovid Katz website: Litvish [Lithuania]: Atlas of Northeastern Yiddish. The atlas in progress seeks to determine the historic external borders, the internal differentiation and the cultural and linguistic structure and characteristics of Lite the territory of traditional Jewish Lithuania)
www.bagnowka.com
(Bagnowka Project: Search and browse Jewish cemetery transcriptions and photos from Poland, Lithuania, Belarus and the Ukraine. Old Maps and photos are also included)
Poland
http://en.auschwitz.org.pl (Database of surviving death registers of some 69,000 Auschwitz-Birkenau prisoners and lists of prisoners of and deportees to Auschwitz. The great majority of the records were destroyed by the defeated SS and others are yet to be digitised)
http://warszawa.getto.pl/index.php
(Warsaw Ghetto Database: The Warsaw Ghetto site is a collection of facts from the history of the ghetto. Users can search for people, events and places from the Warsaw ghetto. An interactive plan of the ghetto enables users to view the places)
http://jri-poland.org/index.htm
(Jewish Records Indexing - Poland. Indexes to more than 5 million Jewish birth, marriage and death records from current and former territories of Poland. The database includes other types of records such as Books of Residents, censuses, army draft lists, school records, cemetery burials, Polish passports, ghetto death records, birth, marriage and death announcements in Polish newspapers and post-war court and legal announcements in official newspapers)
http://stevemorse.org/dachau/auschwitz.html (Searching the Auschwitz Prisoner Photos in One Step: Index to 2,255 Auschwitz prisoner photos taken between 1941 and mid-1942)
www.bagnowka.com (Bagnowka Project: Search and browse Jewish cemetery transcriptions and photos from Poland, Lithuania, Belarus and the Ukraine. Old Maps and photos are also included)
http://houston.indymedia.org/news/2007/03/56657.php (Alphabetical list of death registers of some 69,000 Auschwitz prisoners)
www.straty.pl (Database containing the details of all Polish victims of German repression during the WWII)
www.museumoffamilyhistory.com/h.htm (Museum of Family History: Online virtual museum dedicated to Jewish genealogical research which includes a Holocaust section. The site includes transcribed names of burial lists from the Lódz Ghetto Cemetery)
Miscellaneous
http://archives.jdc.org/sharedlegacy (American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee [JDC] Our Shared Legacy: The Names Index contains more than 500,000 names of people who benefited from the JDC assistance programs during the Nazi persecution and after WWII. Sources include the Jewish Displaced Persons and Refugee Cards, 1943-1959 and records from the Transmigration Bureau, 1940-1956. The Photo Galleries contain photographs from all the countries where the Joint operated when helping Jewish refugees from the Nazis to flee, and to resettle after the war)
www.cdec.it/ebrei_stranieri/#General
(General Index of Foreign Jews Interned in Italy 1940-1943. The index contains details of more than 15,000 German and Polish Jews as well as Jews from other Central European countries and stateless Jews)
www.heartwebsite.org/ArchivalResearch.aspx (Holocaust Era Asset Restitution Taskforce, Project HEART: Research Archives. The database contains names of individuals whose descendants may have claims for property taken during the Holocaust period)
http://genealogyindexer.org (Digitised and indexed Eastern European trade and street directories including the 1932 Palestine Directory and Handbook; Warsaw business directory for 1896; Warsaw telephone directories; Yizkor Books and other material. A complete listing of the available directories and Yizkor Books can be found on the home page)
www.missing-identity.net (Missing Identity Project; Holocaust Survivor Children try to locate information regarding their past)
http://archives.jdc.org/about-us/articles/jdc-cyprus-collection-now.html (JDC Cyprus Collection: Online access to material on 53,000 Holocaust survivors confined by the British on the island of Cyprus between 1946 and 1949)
www.ajr.org.uk/pdfjournals (Association of Jewish Refugees Journal archive. Online access the back catalogue of the AJR Journal, formerly AJR Information, back to the first edition in January 1946. Users can search the entire series or browse individual editions)
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http://vishniac.icp.org (The Roman Vishniac Collection. Photographs of Jewish life in pre-war Eastern Europe Jewish communities in Central and Eastern Europe as documented by Roman Vishniac, a Russian-born Jew who moved to Berlin in 1920. In 1947, Vishniac returned to Europe and documented Jewish displaced persons camps and the ruins of Berlin. The project is a collaboration between The International Center of Photography in New York and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum)
http://db.yadvashem.org/righteous/search.html?language=en
(Database of Righteous Among the Nations: The database enables searches by the name of the Righteous [the rescuer] or by the name of the rescued person. In 1963 Yad Vashem embarked upon a worldwide project to pay tribute to the Righteous Among the Nations who risked their lives to save Jews during the Holocaust)
www.google.com/culturalinstitute/collection/yad-vashem (Yad Vashem: Digitised items and exhibits from the Yad Vashem museum, hosted by the Google Cultural Institute)