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Pipe Rolls (Medieval) (Finance)

Nature of Source

Yearly Sheriff or chief financial officers accounts of royal income arranged county by county and held by the Exchequer. A copy of each Pipe Roll known as the Chancellor's Roll was also sent to the Chancery.

The rolls are mostly written in Latin and heavily abbreviated and were also known as the Great Rolls of the Exchequer.

From 1581 to 1591 the fines levied against Roman Catholics are detailed along with their names. All entries have been published by the Catholic Record Society in CRS 71.

Where Found

The National Archives (E 372, Exchequer: Pipe Office: Pipe Rolls; E 352, Exchequer: Pipe Office: Chancellor's Rolls)
Pipe Roll Society (Published indexes)
County Record offices
Catholic Record Society (Published entries relating to Roman Catholics)

Period Covered

1120 - 1833

Genealogical Value

Names, family relationships, land held. Especially good for the names of Tenants-in-Chief.

Further References

Chambers, Paul. Medieval Genealogy: How to Find Your Medieval Ancestors: Sutton, 2005  
Introduction to the Study of the Pipe Rolls: Pipe Roll Society, 1966 (1884)  

TNA Research Guide: Pipe rolls 1130-c.1300

Websites,%201154-1216%20Sources%22 (Free online access to ‘The Publications of the Pipe Roll Society’ volumes published by the Pipe Roll Society) (Medieval English Genealogy: Pipe Rolls) (How To Find And Use Medieval Genealogy Information) (Pipe Rolls) (Medieval Glossary) (Wikipedia entry: Pipe rolls) (Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : The Foundation was established in 2001 by a group of British genealogists and historians with a special interest in the medieval period. The Library Catalogue provides a bibliographic catalogue of secondary source material for medieval genealogy and heraldry) (Family History Archives: Introduction to the study of the pipe rolls : issued under the direction of the council of the Pipe Roll Society. The digital book includes a table of abbreviations used in Pipe Rolls. The Family History Archive is a collection of searchable published genealogy and family history books brought to you by FamilySearch)
Bibliography of British and Irish History (Catalogue subscription site describing books and articles about British and Irish history produced by a partnership between the Royal Historical Society, the Institute of Historical Research and Brepols Publishers. The catalogue includes the Guide to Record Societies and their Publications (Texts and Calendars) published by the Royal Historical Society which is a guide to transcriptions, calendars and indexes published by the individual participating record societies. A list of participating societies is available here) (The Middle English Compendium. The site offers access to and interconnectivity between three major Middle English electronic resources: an electronic version of the Middle English Dictionary, a HyperBibliography of Middle English prose and verse, based on the MED bibliographies, and a Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse, as well as links to an associated network of electronic resources) (Medieval and Early Modern Sources Online [MEMSO]: The database contains a large repository of state papers, chronicles, accounts and correspondence from the archives of Britain, Ireland and continental Europe)

Online Databases

The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) (An online database that aims to register every recorded individual who lived in Anglo-Saxon England from late sixth to the end of the eleventh century. The database is a collaboration between King's College, London and the University of Cambridge and include sources such as chronicles, saints' lives, charters, inscriptions and coins) (University of Sheffield: Lands of the Normans in England, 1204-1244: The database contains details of over 2,000 individual documents collected from over 100 historical sources. Nearly 3,000 different people and places appear in the database, and there are over 13,500 links describing the relationships between these people and places including. For a full list of historical sources see here)

Check Local Record Societies and other local groups for transcriptions at a local level.

CD Roms

Archive CD Books (Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Pipe Rolls 1131-1307)
The Parish Register Transcription Society (The Medieval Sheriffs of Surrey, Sussex and the Sussex Rapes, 1066-1400)